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Maine Acadian cultural survey collection, 1991

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Series 3: Graphic materials (continued)
Black-and-white negatives
3130 35mm black-white-film negatives
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B001-61143 Field project office, University of Maine-Fort Kent, Maine; Quay on Long Lake, Sinclair, Maine; Guy Dubay, local historian; Fish River Canoe Race, Fort Kent, Maine; Documentation of a barn, Eagle Lake, Maine, June 06, 1991 - June 09, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b001_61143
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
Some miscellaneous images from the first few days in the study area; 2, Fieldworker Lisa Ornstein attempts to make peace with the Archive Assistant on her laptop computer in the office of the Maine Acadian Culture Survey at the University of Maine-Fort Kent; 3-8, Wheeled dock, locally called a "quay, examples of which are found in every lake in the study area; this quay, on Long Lake in Sinclair, ME, belongs to Jack Caron; frames #7 & 8, fieldworkers Lisa Ornstein and Ray Brassieur examine the quay; 9, Man fishing from another quay in Long Lake with pontoon aircraft moored nearby; 10-12, Local historian Guy Dubay (center) discusses project material with Brassieur and Ornstein; These images document the annual Fish River Canoe Race; 13-16, Contestants near the portage take-out point at the Fish River Falls in the Fish River Canoe Race; 17-19, Contestants and boats at the finish area of the Fish River Canoe Race; 20-23, Some of the boats raced in the Fish River Canoe Race; 24-25, Trophies awarded at the Fish River Canoe Race; These images document a visit to a barn which was being torn down in Eagle Lake, ME; 26-27, Brassieur and Ornstein examine the demolished barn belonging to Ethel Gagnon in Eagle Lake, ME. Old barns are often torn down and the wood salvaged; often the large frame timbers are used to construct a new barn. In frame #27, Mrs. Gagnon's house and tool shed are visible in the background; 28-29, Ethel Gagnon; 30-31, An outbuilding behind the house which Mrs. Gagnon called the "tool shed;" outbuildings are typical in the study area, and this appears to be one of the oldest in Eagle Lake. Design features of the outbuildings often echo those used in house construction; note the Greek Revival cornices on this shed; 32-33, Remains of the sill of the barn, typically constructed with large hewn timbers; 34, Brassieur measures one of the barn timbers; 35, Ornstein examines the remains of the barn; 36, Ground-level view of a large hewn timber used to construct the sill of the barn; this type of construction was apparently common in the 19th century, and lasted into the early 20th century; 36a, Remains of the barn.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B002-61141 Poor, Poor Woodsman Band, Fort Kent Hotel, Fort Kent, Maine; Sam Oakes' music party, Fort Kent, Maine, June 06, 1991 - June 09, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b002_61141
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to the Fort Kent Hotel to hear the Poor, Poor Woodsman Band; 2-4, The Fort Kent Hotel on Main Street, Fort Kent, ME; 5-6, Fieldworker Ray Brassieur discusses the possibility of recording some of the evening's performance with Sam Oakes, fiddler and steel guitar player in the Poor, Poor Woodsman Band, in the Brass Lantern dining room of the Fort Kent Hotel. Left to right, frame # 5: Brassieur, Oakes, Oakes'sister-in-law Rina Deprey, Oakes' wife Maria (back to camera), and Rina's husband Herman Deprey, a potato grower in New Canada, ME; 7-8, Discussion continues; fieldworker Lisa Ornstein (far right) joins the group; 9, Brassieur and Oakes; 10, Band on stage just prior to starting; 11-13, Band begins to play; Brassieur sets up recording gear; 14-18, People begin to dance; 19-22, Side views of band on stage; 23, Sam Oakes on pedal steel; The following images document a music party at the home of Sam Oakes on North Perley Brook Rd. in Fort Kent, ME; 24, Brassieur sets up the microphone to tape; 25, Sam Oakes on fiddle, his brother Merrill on guitar; 26, Sam and Merrill, with John Connors in the foreground; 27-29, Sam and Merrill; 30-35, Sam; 36-Зба, Merrill.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B003-61145 Ethel Gagnon house and barn, Eagle Lake, Maine; Sam Oakes' music party, Fort Kent, Maine, June 09, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b003_61145
37 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to a barn being torn down in Eagle Lake, ME; 1, Fieldworker Ray Brassieur examines demolished barn belonging to Ethel Gagnon of Eagle Lake, ME; 2-3, Barn debris; 4, Rear view of Ethel Gagnon's house; 5, Front view of Gagnon house; These images document a music party and family barbecue at the home of Sam Oakes on North Perley Brook Rd. in Fort Kent, ME; 6-7, Members of fiddler Sam Oakes' family seated around a kitchen table at the Oakes' house; second from right, frame # 6, is Sam's wife Maria; 8, Sam Oakes (fiddle) and his brother Merrill Oakes (guitar) play for a family music party at Sam's house on North Perley Brook Road in Fort Kent, ME; 9, Fieldworker Ray Brassieur listens to the Oakes brothers; 10, Some of Sam's family at the kitchen table; 11, Sam and Merrill play a tune while fieldworker Lisa Ornstein takes notes; 12, Ornstein takes a turn playing fiddle; 13, The music is interrupted— someone needs to see what's in the loft; 14-15, The youngest dancers at the party; 16, Sam's sister-in-law Rena Deprey videotapes the party as Sam's wife Maria watches; 17, Ornstein discusses the music with Merrill Oakes; 18, Rena Deprey videotapes; 19, Religious themes are often used in decorating houses; here, a plaque of the Ten Commandments hangs on the wall- note the ????? at the top; 20, Railing around loft, made by Sam; 21, Bear trap used by Sam's father; Sam does not use it, as he believes it is cruel; 22, Sara talks about the music; 23-27, One of the youngsters gets into the act; 28-30, Showing off a pair of "Acadian" slippers; 31-34, Sam's wife Maria and her sister-in-law Rena Voisine dance; this is the first dancing we have seen that resembles step-dancing, but is has an unusual backward slide step; 35-36, John Connor of St. Francis, ME joins the dancing; his is a more animated type of step dance with higher lifting of the feet; 36a, Sam takes up the dobro, while Ornstein plays fiddle; left to right: Brian Voisine, Merrill Oakes, Sam Oakes, Lisa Ornstein, Ray Brassieur, John Connor.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B004-61144 Bernette Albert, Acadian landing site, Albert house, Saint David, Maine, June 10, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b004_61144
35 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
1-2, Bernette Albert gives her talk on the history of the first Acadians to populate the St. John Valley at the memorial marking the spot where the Acadians first landed; 4-8, Looking south from the memorial; note the hedgerows traversing the hillsides, which may mark property line divisions of the early land grants. These grants were done in the typically French "long lots" and measured in arpents; 9, Front view of the Albert house, which has been moved from its original location to the property owned by the Madawaska Historical Society in St. David Village. The house is a typical type built in the study area in the mid-18th century; the balustrade was likely a later addtition; 10, Side view of the Albert house; 11, Fieldworker Ray Brassieur and Madawaska Chamber of Commerce director Cathie Corey inside the Albert house; 12, Fieldworker Lisa Ornstein examines a loom; 13, Artifacts in the Albert house; 14-16, One of the looms; 17-18, A hinge on the door of an armoire; the hand-made nails indicate this piece was probably made in the early 18th century; 19-20, A woven mat which was purportedly found in the walls of the Albert house; it appears to be of Native American origin; 21-25, A part of the mat and a birch bark container which was also found in the walls of the house; 26-27, A "ship's knee" in the attic of the Albert house; these pieces were cut from the root and trunk of a hardwood tree, maintaining the natural curve of the wood.Originally a maritime construction method, these pieces were apparently used fairly often as roof supports in 18th century houses in the study area; 28-29, A section of the Albert house roof; note the ship's knee, the compound rafters, and the large timbers which form the top plate, all typical of houses in the study area; 30, Ship's knee; these were attached to the framing timbers with drift pins; 31, Another view of a roof section showing rafters and a ship's knee; 32, Brassieur and Claude "Blackie" Cyr of Madawaska examine the roof construction in the Albert house; 33, Roof construction in the Albert house; the absence of a ridgepole seems to have been universal in the constuction of buildings in the study area; 34, Another view of the rafters and the peak of the roof; 35-36, Joinery of rafters at the peak of the roof; as in many houses in the study area, the rafters are joined with a mortise and tenon and secured by a wooden peg.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B005-61142 Tante Blanche Museum, Madawaska, Maine; Paul Freeman's potato farm, Wallagrass, Maine, June 10, 1991 - June 12, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b005_61142
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to the Tante Blanche Museum, operated by the Madawaska Historical Society; 1-2, Wooden replica of Liberty Bell in restored schoolhouse at the Tante Blanche Museum; 3-4, Artifacts in the Museum; 6-7, Exterior of the Museum; 8, Wrought iron cross marking the original site of the Mt. Carmel cemetery; 9-10, Sign outside a small store in St. David Village. Eshalot (the spelling varies) are a type of onion widely grown in the study area; typically, the bulbs are packed in salt water and the tops are chopped and combined with salt and herbs to make les herbes salees, which is used in flavoring soups and other dishes; These images document a visit to the potato farm of grower Herman Deprey of New Canada, ME; 11-14, Fieldworker Ray Brassieur interviews potato grower Herman Deprey in his barn; frame #11, Herman's grandson Danny stands on the tractor; 15, Herman Deprey; 16-17, Door to storage space for seed potatoes; 18, The interview continues; left to right: Brassieur, Herman Deprey, Herman's grandson Danny, Herman's son Darcey; 19-22, Three generations of Depreys discuss potato farming; 23-25, Wooden potato barrels. Such barrels, which hold 165 pounds of potatoes, were once the standard storage container when the harvest was done by hand; 26-27, Barn at Deprey Farm; many growers have similar signs with hand-painted, individualized logos; 28, House at Deprey Farm, currently occupied by Herman's parents, Mac and Blanche; 29, Herman Deprey introduces us to Paul Freeman at Freeman's house on State Highway 11 near the Soldier Pond turnoff in Wallagrass, ME; left to right: Deprey, Freeman's daughter, Freeman, Brassieur; 30, Freeman and Brassieur; 31, Freeman shows Brassieur the house; houses of this size and proportion, with simple gabled roofs, are one of the most common types found in the study area. Many of them are log houses; Freeman describes his as being "pit-sawn madrier," indicating that it is wood construction which may or may not be log; 32-36a, Scenes inside Freeman's barn; note the picture of Saint Therese and the rameaux ("blessed palm") hanging on the post. Such religious objects can be found in every type of structure in the study area; their function is to protect the building and occupants from disasters such as lightning and fire.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B006-61293 Paul Freeman home, Wallagrass, Maine; Herman Deprey and Mac Deprey home, New Canada, Maine; Various scenes, Fort Kent, Maine; Various scenes, Daigle, Maine, June 12, 1991 - June 15, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b006_61293
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to the home of retired potato farmer Paul Freeman in Wallagrass, ME; 1-3, Field coordinator Ray Brassieur and potato grower Herman Deprey of New Canada listen to Freeman discuss the construction of this barn in the basement of the barn; 5-7, Freeman's house; 8, House and barn; 9-12, Left to right: Paul Freeman's wife Florine, Paul Freeman, their daughter Angela, in the living room; 13-15, Woodburning stove in the Freeman's kitchen, still used for cooking; A visit to the home of retired potato grower Mac Deprey of New Canada, whose son Herman has taken over the farm; 16, Brassieur interviews Mac Deprey; 17, Mac and his wife Blanche; Various scenes in Fort Kent, ME; 18-21, A house near downtown Fort Kent; 22-25, House near downtown; the small structure for firewood storage is a type seen frequently in the area.; 26, House with canoe; 27, Rear view of buildings on Main St.; These images document a stop in the village of Daigle, ME, during a trip to Van Buren, ME; 28-29, House with two decorative eagles, which are found on many homes in the study area. In addition to being the name of this village, Daigle is the family name of one of the original Acadian families to settle the upper St. John River Valley. (French d'aigle translates as of the eagle); 30-33, Marker at the cemetery in Daigle; 34, Fieldworker David Whitman takes a photograph (photographed by Ray Brassieur); 35-36a, Catholic church in Daigle.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B007-61299 Maison Morneault, Village Acadien, Van Buren, Maine; House in Van Buren, Maine, June 15, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b007_61299
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document the interior of the Maison Morneault, a nineteenth century house at the Village Acadien; 1-4, Birch bark insulation in the attic; 5-6, Ship's knee connecting the attic floor to the side walls; 7, Beds in the attic; 8-9, Roof support structure; the trusses are joined to the rafter with mortise-and-tenon construction held in place by a wooden peg called a trunnel; 10-13, Various views of the joinery in the attic; Miscellaneous images; 14-15, The truck of Albert Michaud, who sells the birdhouses he makes in the parking lot of the Village Acadien; These images document a visit to the house currently owned by Val Violette in Van Buren, ME; 16-19, Val Violette shows field coordinator Ray Brassieur some of the pieces removed from the house during remodeling; 20-26, Pieces of the house which were removed during remodeling; these pieces show the en coulisse construction methods often employed in the study area; 27-29, Rear of the house; the porch was a later addition, and may represent an enclosure of an outdoor summer kitchen; 30, Brassieur and Violette examine the house; 31-33, Exterior of the house; 34, Brassieur holds a piece removed from the house while talking with Val's wife Ann; These images document a visit to the Village Acadien in Van Buren, ME; 35-36, Fence at the perimeter of the Village.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B008-61306 Village Acadien, Van Buren, Maine; Albert Michaud; Gilbert Perrault; Gilbert Perrault, Wallagrass, Maine, June 15, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b008_61306
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to the Village Acadien, a collection of buildings which has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. All of the historic buildings have been moved to the site from elsewhere in the study area; 2-4, Roy house, piece-sur-piece log construction; apparently the corner joints of this house were partially sawn through so that it could be moved, and it was then reconstructed. Detail of the joinery is probably not historically accurate; 7-9, Maison Morneault, a typical Acadian house of midnineteenth century construction; the current house probably represents an enlargement of the original structure. The small addition on the far side once served as a post office; 10-19, Other buildings at the Village, including a house (11-12), a barn (13-14), a reconstruction of a log church (15-16), and a schoolhouse (17); 20-21, Field coordinator Ray Brassieur talks with birdhouse maker Albert Michaud, who sells his birdhouses from this truck parked in the lot at the Village Acadien; These images document a house and barn on the property of Gilbert Perrault in Wallagrass, ME; 22-23, Exterior of barn; Perrault (left) points out features of the barn to Brassieur; 24-28, Exterior of the house; the long and narrow proportions of this house are unusual for the study area. The large door at the rear provided carriage access; 29-30, Interior of the barn; 31-33, Sliding double doors on the barn; there is a set of double doors on each side; 34-35, Sliding mechanism on barn doors; small grooved iron wheels slid along an iron guide rail. 3 6-36a Exterior of the barn. Note that part of the lower half is sided with shakes, which provided superior insulation for the livestock kept in this section of the barn.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B009-61305 Gilbert Perrault house, Wallagrass, Maine; Documentation of various barns and buildings, Upper St. John River area, Maine, June 17, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b009_61305
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a house on the property of Gilbert Perrault in Wallagrass, ME. See MAP-DW-B007 for more information; 1-2, Door for carriage access at rear of house; 3-5, Perrault house as seen from State Highway 11; These images document a variety of buildings and scenes photographed while on a tour of the area with Julie Bayly and Patrick Ouellette; 6-9, Twin barn, a type found in several locations in the study area; 10, Fieldworkers Ray Brassieur and Lisa Ornstein investigate the barn with Pat Ouellette; 11, Julie Bayly photographs the barn; 12, Brassieur and Ornstein; 13-18, Corners of walls and roof of barn; 19-21, Assorted tools and equipment inside the barn; 22-23, Farmland; 24-28, Another twin barn, this one in Hamlin, ME; the gambrel roof (locally called colm-casse) is less frequent on twin barns than is the simple gabled roof, although it is a common roof type in the study area; 29-30, Interior of Hamlin twin barn; the lack of a ridgepole is nearly a nearly universal feature of area barns. The arched windows are unusual; 32-33, Side view, Hamlin twin barn; 34-36, Abandoned house across the road from Hamlin twin barn [July, 1991: the Hamlin twin barn was completely destroyed in a fire; arson is suspected].
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B010-61302 Various buildings and scenes, Hamlin, Maine and St. John River area of New Brunswick, Canada, June 17, 1991 - June 19, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b010_61302
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a variety of scenes photographed on a tour of the area with Julie Bayly and Patrick Ouellette; 2-6, Greek revival cornices on abandoned house across the road from the Hamlin twin barn; 7-11, Cemetery in St-Basile, New Brunswick; 12-13, Birdhouses in St-Basile; 14, Ornate wrought iron cross grave marker (front) and simple white wooden cross, cemetery in St-Basile; there was a row of the white crosses, which symbolized the founding families of St-Basile; 15, Row of wrought iron crosses, with founding family commemorative crosses behind them; 16-17, Grave marker, St Basile; 18-21, Cemetery and St-Basile Catholic Church; 22-23, 3 Feathers Craft Shop on Malecite Reserve just east of Edmunston, New Brunswick; 24-25, Madawaska, ME, looking across the St. John River from New Brunswick; the tall stacks are at the Fraser Paper facility; 26-27, Supporting structure for tipi at 3 Feathers Craft Shop; These images document a variety of scenes photographed while on a trip to Edmunston, New Brunswick; 28-30, Grocery store in Clair, New Brunswick; French and bilingual (French/English) signs are common in New Brunswick; 31-32, Bilingual traffic sign on Highway 120 east of Clair; 33-34, French street signs are the norm on the New Brunswick side of the St. John River; 35-36, New Brunswick has a bilingual school system with separate facilities for Anglophones and Francophones; these school buses are used by the French schools; 36a, Maine, photographed from New Brunswick.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B011-61300 Various scenes, Edmunston, New Brunswick; Good Shepherd Sisters Centennial Choir concert, St. Bruno Catholic Church, Van Buren, Maine, June 19, 1991 - June 21, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b011_61300
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a variety of scenes in Edmunston, New Brunswick; 2-8, Many types of signs are written in French in New Brunswick; some have English as well; 9-10, Centre universitaire St-Louis-Maillet; 11-12, Carpet store with French/English signs; 13-16, A. M. Sormany School, the secondary school for Francophones; These images document a multi-choir concert held at St. Bruno Catholic Church in Van Buren, ME, to celebrate the centennial of the arrival of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (the Good Shepherd Sisters); 17-19, Choirs rehearse before the concert.; 20-21, Good Shepherd Sisters take their places in the front pews; 22, The concert begins; 23-25, Soloist Annick Gagnon; 26-27, A choir in performance; 28-29, The honorees, Good Shepherd Sisters; 30-33, Choirs in performance; 34, Good Shepherd Sisters; 35-36a, Choir in performance, photographed from the back of the sanctuary.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B012-61301 Good Shepherd Sisters Centennial Choir concert, St. Bruno Catholic Church, Van Buren, Maine; Centennial festival, New Sweden, Maine, June 21, 1991 - June 22, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b012_61301
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a multi-choir concert held at St. Bruno Catholic Church in Van Buren to celebrate the centennial of the arrival of the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (the Good Shepherd Sisters); 2-3, A choir in performance, photographed from the back of the sanctuary; 4-5, Basement of the church set up for post-concert reception; 6-8, Exterior of St. Bruno Catholic Church; 9-11, Inscription over door to church; 12-22, Various choirs in performance; 23-24, The sisters appear to be enjoying themselves; 25-26, All the participating choirs assemble for the finale; 27, The sisters listen to the finale; 28-32, Choirs perform the finale; These images document a visit to New Sweden, ME; 33-34, Cemetery; the small building was used to store the bodies of those who died during the winter when it was impossible to dig graves; 35-end, Preparation of flower garlands.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B013-61294 New Sweden Centennial, New Sweden, Maine, June 22, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b013_61294
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to New Sweden, ME, during their centennial festival; 2, "A Swede" Vermont license plate on a car in the parking lot; 3-4, Restored capitol building; the original was partially destroyed in a fire; 5-7, Festival participants; 8-10, Small Swedish dwelling type known as a "stuga"; 11-13, Restored capitol building; 14-15, Maypole; several dances were held here during the festival; 16-17, Small house; 18-21, Grange hall; 22-28, Various artifacts in the museum operated by the New Sweden Historical Society; 29-36, Blacksmith shop which was converted into a woodworking shop, now an exhibit.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B014-61308 Talent show to benefit Allagash relief fund, Allagash, Maine, June 22, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b014_61308
37 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
2-36, Various performers at the talent show put on by the Red Cross to benefit victims of the 1991 spring flood in Allagash, ME. Performers include: Don Cyr (2-5) , Nashville professional musician Dave Mallett (11-14), and fieldworker and Acadian Archive Director Lisa Ornstein (33-end).
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B015-61304 Centennial Festival, New Sweden, Maine; Allagash benefit talent show, Fort Kent, Maine, June 22, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b015_61304
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a visit to New Sweden, ME, during the Midsommar Festival; 2-4, These planks were used in house construction; note the vegetable matter used for insulation; 6-9, Newspaper used as insulation between logs; 10, Building which housed former blacksmith shop; 11-13, The New Sweden Historical Society is restoring this log house; 14-17, Exhibit of handmade cross-country skis at the Historical Society museum; 18-20, Looms and spinning wheels in the museum; 21-22, Exhibit of tools; 23-24, Antique bicycle with wooden rims; 25-32, Field coordinator Ray Brassieur examines various artifacts with local resident Swen Bondeson; Images from the Allagash benefit talent show; see MAP-DW-B014; 33-end, Local historian and folklorist Don Cyr of Lille, ME performs.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B016-61303 Fred Albert house, Saint David, Maine; Maison Daigle-St-Jean, Clair, New Brunswick, June 25, 1991 - June 26, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b016_61303
37 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a woven mat which was found in the walls of the Fred Albert house. The origin of the mat is uncertain; it is currently displayed in a glass case in the Albert house in St. David, ME; 2-3, Mat on floor of Albert house; 4-6, Details of mat's construction; 7-8, Close-up of corner of mat Ernie Chasse; 9-10, Ernie Chasse sits in the office in his home in St. David, ME; These images document a visit to the Maison Daigle-St-Jean in Clair, New Brunswick. The maison is a mid-nineteenth house which has been moved to its present site and restored; 11-12, Exterior, front view; 13-14, Exterior, side view; 15-18, Porch railings, cornice; 16-18, Front door; 19-22, Ship's knee amid various artifacts on the second floor; 23, Exhibit cases, stairway to small loft; 24-25, Roof support structure, hewn rafters and trusses; some original rafters and trusses have been replaced; 26-28, Tool on exhibit; 29, Field coordinator Ray Brassieur examines a ship's knee; 30-31, Frame timbers; the rectangular hole was once part of the mortise-and-tenon joinery used throughout the house; 33-end, Device for breaking flax, with drawing depicting flaxbreaking.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B017-61307 Benefit concert for Allagash flood relief, Fort Kent High School, Fort Kent, Maine; Fred Albert house, Saint David, Maine, June 22, 1991 - June 25, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b017_61307
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a benefit concert sponsored by the American Red Cross to benefit the victims of the spring 1991 flood in Allagash. The concert was held in the Fort Kent High School gym; 1-14, Irish musical group The Gallaghers perform; These images document the Fred Albert house, a mid nineteenth century house which has been moved to its present site on property owned by the Madawaska Historical Society and partially restored; 16-18, Fieldworker Howard Marshall takes measurements and notes on the front porch; 19, Marshall standing in front doorway; 20-21, Hand-carved wooden scene hangs on a wall in the house; 22-23, Howard Marshall and field coordinator Ray Brassieur discuss the house's construction; 24-25, Mortise-and tenon construction typical of nineteenth century Acadian building; 26-29, Framing of house; wooden pegs like the one just visible in the center of the photo were commonly used; 30-31, Rafter, top plate, and vertical support meet; just visible behind the base of the rafter is the end of the tenon joining the vertical support with the top plate. Note the compound construction of the rafter; 32, Marshall and Brassieur examine some typical Acadian chairs; 33-34, Acadian chairs; 35-36, Semi-circular table in front of a loom.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B018-61415 Rosier Sirois mobile sharpening service truck, Madawaska, Maine; Various scenes, Upper St. John River Valley area, Maine, June 28, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b018_61415
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
2-3, Truck belonging to Rosier Sirois from which he operates a mobile sharpening service; The following images document a farm on Beaulieu Rd. a short distance south of U.S. Highway 1, Madawaska, ME. The farm belongs to a Morin family, first name unknown; 4-10, Connected barns; this is the only such arrangement of barns, three in a line, which I saw in the study area; 11-12, View of the farm from the top of a hill southeast of Beaulieu Rd.; 13-14, Some of the buildings on the farm; on the left is a former house converted to storage, and on the right is an equipment shed; 15-19, House converted to storage; house is a type often seen in the study area, with a lateral addition using the same roofline as the original house; These images document a barn dance held in a newly constructed reproduction of a nineteenth century barn behind the Maison DaigleSt-John in Clair, New Brunswick; 20-21, Musical spoons belonging to Nicolo Gagne of Clair, New Brunswick; the wooden spoons were purchased by M. Gagne, and he made the wood and metal sets; 22-24, The band. Left to right: Nicolo Gagne, spoons; Pat Albert, fiddle and banjo; Roger St. Onge, accordion; Norman Oakes, electric guitar; Gerald LaVoie, acoustic/electric guitar; Monique Rossignol, guitar and vocals; 25-27, Monique Rossignol does a vocal number; 28-end, Various photographs of crowd and band; the woman in the hat and apron, #29, is a waitress.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B019-61416 Talent show at the annual Acadian Festival, Madawaska, Maine; Various buildings and scenes, Upper St. John River Valley area, Maine, June 26, 1991 - June 27, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b019_61416
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a talent show held as a part of the annual Acadian Festival in Madawaska, ME; 2-3, Opening ceremony, in which the crowd is led in the chant "Je suis fier d'etre Acadien" (I am proud to be Acadian). Note the large Acadian flag backdrop; 4-12, Annick Gagnon, a thirteen year old Canadian professional singer, was the featured performer. She also performed at the talent show in 1990; 13-15, Fieldworkers Ray Brassieur and Lisa Ornstein talk with the leader of the Keystone Kops, a local volunteer organization which assists with "security" at many local events; 16-19, After a costume change, Annick Gagnon continues her performance; 20-21, Rachel Walsh (left) and Cathie Corey, both of Madawaska; Ms. Walsh's costume is intended to replicate traditional Acadian garb. Ms. Corey is the Director of the Madawaska Chamber of Commerce; A collection of miscellaneous images; 22-23, Wagon of the Keystone Kops, a volunteer organization which participates in a variety of local events, parked in a driveway on State Highway 162, St. Agatha, ME; 24-29, Houses with broken rooflines and incised porches, Lavertu Settlement, ME; these features are often associated with French architecture in North America, but there are not many houses like this in the study. A particular concentration of them is in Lavertu Settlement; 30-35, Barn in Madawaska, ME; the gambrel roof is a common feature but the three-quarter wrap-around addition is not; 36-36a, Wooden potato barrels stacked outside a barn in New Canada, ME; such barrels were once used in the hand harvesting of potatoes, but mechanical harvesting has made them obsolete. They are used in smaller quantities for storage in many farms.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B020-61414 Various scenes, New Canada, Maine; Acadian Festival Fiddlers' Jamboree, Madawaska, Maine, June 28, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b020_61414
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
A variety of scenes; 1, Sign on the door into a potato house on a farm in New Canada, ME, warning against contamination of seed potatoes; 2-4, Potato barrels, New Canada; see MAP-DW-B019; 5, Fields of grain (oats, I believe) on a farm in New Canada; although potatoes are the main crop, most farms in the area grow some grain as well; 6-7, A potato field in New Canada, planted about three weeks prior; the building is a potato house, typically built with earth contact providing insulation; 8-9, Adjacent fields of potatoes (left of hedgerow) and grain (right of hedgerow), New Canada; 10-11, Sign proclaiming Acadian Day at a gas station in Madawaska, ME; 12-13, Reverse side of sign in #10-11, announcing fiddlers' jamboree in Madawaska; These images document a fiddlers' jamboree held in Centennial Park in Madawaska, ME, as part of the annual Acadian Festival. The musicians played in a gazebo in the park; 14-15, Musicians (left to right): Robert Cormier guitar; Victor Albert, violin; Paul LeBlanc (behind Albert), mandolin; Leo LeBlanc, violin; Mr. Beaulieu (first name unknown) , violin. Cormier, Albert, and Leo Leblanc live in Massachusetts, although Albert and LeBlanc were born in New Brunswick. Paul LeBlanc is from Madawaska, and Mr. Beaulieu is Canadian (from Quebec I think); 16-28, Various combinations of the above-named musicians; tenor-banjoist Archie Rouleau (straw hat) is also seen in some of these photographs; 29-31, Leo LeBlanc takes over on rhythm guitar from Cormier, and Edmunston fiddler Paul-Emile Martin joins the group; Martin was the only local fiddler to attend the session; 32-34, The music was good, but only one couple was moved to dance; 35, Martin plays a tune; 36, Beaulieu, Martin, LeBlanc, Cormier.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B021-61427 Les Violons d'Acadie, Madawaska, Maine, June 28, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b021_61427
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document Les Violons d'Acadie, a concert/dance held as part of the annual Acadian Festival in Madawaska, ME. The event was held in a large hall known as the Multi-purpose Building. A number of local musicians, as well as a group of Acadian musicians from New Brunswick who now live in Massachusetts, performed; 2-5, Fiddle and guitar music; musicians unknown; 6-8, People danced a variety of styles, mostly couples dances; there were a few line dances in the course of the evening; 9, Sign-up table for the Canard Race, a toy duck race that is also part of the Acadian Festival; 10-12, Field coordinator Ray Brassieur talks with Arcady Richard, a carpenter by trade who also performs traditional step-dance. Mr. Richard is a native of New Brunswick who now resides in Massachusetts; 13-17, ???????, a band which provided back-up for many of the fiddlers, and also performed some songs themselves; 18-24, Dancers; 25, Fieldworkers Howard Marshall and Lisa Ornstein at the table with recording gear; 26-29, Musicians jam in the lobby outside the main hall; 30-31, The event drew a good crowd32 Event organizer Paul LeBlanc has a word with the folks on stage; 33-34, Another fiddler; 35-36, Audience; note the members of the Keystone Kops, a local volunteer organization, in the center of the frame (dark uniforms and helmets); 36a, Selling souvenirs.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B022-61425 Les Violons d'Acadie, Madawaska, Maine, June 28, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b022_61425
36 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document Les Violons d'Acadie, a concert/dance held as part of the annual Acadian Festival. See MAP—DW-B021 for more information; 2-5, A few the musicians who participated; 6, Dancing; the man in uniform is a member of the Keystone Kops; 7-19, Some step-dancers take the stage. #13-16, Arcady Richard joins the dancers. #17-19 features a costumed and choreographed mother/daughter team; 20-23, An accordion player, the only one of the evening; 24-33, Dancers; 34-end, Rachel Walsh of Madawaska prepares ploves. An Acadian buckwheat pancake.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B023-61426 Les Violons d'Acadie, Madawaska, Maine, June 28, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b023_61426
35 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document Les Violons d'Acadie, a dance/concert held as part of the annual Acadian Festival. See MAP-DW-B021 for more information; 1-11, There was some type of dancing during nearly every song; 12, Musicians on stage; 13, Robert Cormier takes a solo on electric guitar; 14-18, The closest thing to step dancing seen on the dance floor; 19-25, Sam Oakes, a fiddler who resides in Fort Kent, ME; 26-32, Fieldworker, Director of the Acadian Archive, and fine fiddler Lisa Ornstein plays a couple of tunes; 33-36, A number of the musicians gathered on stage for the finale.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B024-61409 Acadian Festival Parade, Madawaska, Maine, June 29, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b024_61409
35 35 mm black-and-white film negatives
These images document a parade held as part of the annual Acadian Festival. The parade route followed Main St. through downtown, where these photographs were taken, and turned up a perpendicular street to finish at Madawaska High School; 2, Acadian Festival headquarters, where the parade judges were set up in the balcony; a local radio station broadcast a live account of the parade from the table in front of the building; 3-5, The crowd along Main St. waits for the parade; 6-10, The Marching Owls, Madawaska High School Band; 11-13, Baton twirlers of all ages took part in the parade; 14-18, Southern Victoria Pipe Band; 19-22, One of the younger parade watchers; These images document the closing ceremonies of the Acadian Festival, held in the Madawaska Multi-purpose Building immediately after the parade; 23, Members of the Sirois-Duplessis family, this year's reunion family at the Acadian Festival, talk with a nun at one of the tables in the Multi-purpose building; 24-25, The Southern Victoria Pipe Band marches in to perform; 26-27, Roger Thibodeau, one of the festival volunteers, announces some of the parade award winners, who will get one of the trophies on the table; 28-30, Southern Victoria Pipe Band; 31-32, Madawaska High School band, the Marching Owls, lines up prior to their performance; 33, Audience; 34-35, Southern Victoria Pipe Band; 36, Members of the Marching Owls line up waiting to perform.
Call number: AFC 1991/029: DW-B025-61413 Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic Church and presbytery, Lille, Maine, July 03, 1991
Photographer: David A. Whitman
Digital content available: afc1991029_dw_b025_61413
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