The Library of Congress >  Researchers >  Search Finding Aids  >  Civil Rights History Project collection, 2010-2016
ContainerContents
Series II: Interviews (continued)
Geraldine Crawford Bennett, Toni Breaux, and Willie Elliot Jenkins oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Bogalusa, Louisiana, 2011-05-28
Digital content available
Biographical History: Gayle Jenkins was born around 1937 in Bogalusa, Louisiana. She was a civil rights activist in Bogalusa and cousin of activist Robert Hicks. She had three children, Don Duane Exposé, Ms. Willie Exposé "Toni" Breaux, and Mr. Willie Elliott "Chuck" Jenkins. Gayle Jenkins' sister, Geraldine Crawford Bennett, worked as a maid in a segregated whites-only clinic and later as a nurse. Breaux attended Dillard University and Southeastern Louisiana University and worked as a teacher.
Summary: Geraldine Crawford Bennett, Toni Breaux, and Willie Elliot Jenkins remember their mother and sister Gayle Jenkins, a leader of the Civil Rights Movement in Bogalusa, Louisiana. They discuss their family history, how the family became involved in the movement, and Willie Jenkins' court case to integrate the public schools. They recall being protected by the Deacons of Defense and Justice, marching in local rallies, and memories of their late brother Don, who was also involved in the movement.
Moving Images
8 video files of 8 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (82 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0018_mv01-08
BOX-FOLDER 1/13Manuscripts
1 transcript (57 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0018_jenkins_transcript
Annie Pearl Avery oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Selma, Alabama, 2011-05-31
Digital content available
Biographical History: Annie Pearl Avery was born in 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama, and grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She married Harrison Avery, had two children, and worked as a dishwasher in the 1960s. Avery was a civil rights activist and member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Summary: Annie Pearl Avery remembers her childhood in Birmingham, Alabama, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and joining the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) at age sixteen. She recalls attending a SNCC meeting in Atlanta and being stranded and threatened in Marietta, Georgia, on the way home. She discusses her involvement in the Albany Movement, her many arrests for protesting, marching with William Moore, and participating in voter registration drives in many locations across the South.
Moving Images
7 video files of 7 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (91 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0019_mv01-07
BOX-FOLDER 2/1Manuscripts
1 transcript (45 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0019_avery_transcript
Gwendolyn M. Patton oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Montgomery, Alabama, 2011-06-01
Digital content available
Biographical History: Gwendolyn Patton was born 1943 in Detroit, Michigan. She attended Tuskegee University, Antioch College, Union Graduate School, and Interdenominational Institute of Theology. Patton was a civil rights activist and archivist.
Summary: Gwendolyn Patton discusses attending the Tuskegee Institute, where she became involved in many civil rights organizations and was elected student body president. She recalls hosting the Freedom Riders in 1961, and spending a year in a segregated sanitarium when she had tuberculosis. She recounts organizing Tuskegee students for the Selma to Montgomery March, occupying the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, and registering voters in Lowndes County.
Moving Images
8 video files of 8 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (111 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0020_mv01-08
BOX-FOLDER 2/2Manuscripts
1 transcript (50 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0020_patton_transcript
Charles F. McDew oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Albany, Georgia 2011-06-04
Digital content available
Biographical History: Charles McDew was born in 1938 in Massillon, Ohio. He attended Roosevelt University and South Carolina State University, and worked as a community organizer and educator at Metropolitan State University in Minnesota.
Summary: Charles McDew recalls growing up in Massillon, Ohio, his family's involvement in the steel mill unions and attending South Carolina State University. He remembers being arrested three times in two days for not obeying segregation laws in South Carolina, founding the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and registering voters in Mississippi.
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (82 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0021_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 2/3Manuscripts
1 transcript (27 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0021_mcdew_transcript
Charles Melvin Sherrod oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Albany, Georgia, 2011-06-04
Digital content available
Biographical History: Charles Sherrod was born in 1937 in Surry, Virginia, married Shirley Miller Sherrod in 1966 and had two children. He attended Virginia Union University and Union Theological Seminary, and worked as a community organizer and chaplain.
Summary: Charles Sherrod recalls how he became involved in the Albany Movement in Georgia, recruited local residents, and led marches and protests against segregation.
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (20 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0022_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 2/4Manuscripts
1 transcript (8 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0022_sherrodcharles_transcript
Joseph Echols Lowery oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-06-06
Digital content available
Biographical History: Joseph Lowery was born in 1921 in Huntsville, Alabama, married Evelyn Gibson in 1950, and had three children. He attended Paine College, Paine Theological Seminary, and Chicago Ecumenical Seminary. He worked as pastor and civil rights activist in Mobile, Alabama, and was a co-founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Summary: Joseph Lowery recalls his position as pastor at the Warren Street Church in Mobile, Alabama, in the 1950s. He remembers joining the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the differences in race relations between Mobile and other southern cities, and helping to found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He reflects on the effectiveness of nonviolence, the libel suit against him, sit-ins across the country, and the Selma to Montgomery March.
Moving Images
4 video files of 4 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (63 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0023_mv01-04
BOX-FOLDER 2/5Manuscripts
1 transcript (26 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0023_lowery_transcript
Matthew J. Perry oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Columbia, South Carolina, 2011-06-07
Digital content available
Biographical History: Matthew J. Perry was born in 1921 in Columbia, South Carolina, married Hallie Bacote, and had one son. He attended South Carolina State College and South Carolina State College of Law, and worked as a civil rights attorney and judge in South Carolina. Perry died in 2011.
Summary: Judge Matthew J. Perry recalls serving in the military during World War II, and experiencing discrimination during the war. He remembers watching a trial that inspired him to go to the newly formed law school at South Carolina State College. He discusses his start as a trial lawyer in Spartanburg, South Carolina, the famous civil rights cases he argued, joining the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, and his admiration for the African American lawyers who mentored him.
Moving Images
3 video files of 3 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (55 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0024_mv01-03
BOX-FOLDER 2/6Manuscripts
1 transcript (23 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0024_perry_transcript
Ernest Adolphus Finney oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Columbia, South Carolina, 2011-06-08
Digital content available
Biographical History: Ernest Finney was born in 1931 in Smithfield, Virginia, married Frances Davenport, and had three children. He attended Claflin College and South Carolina State University School of Law. He worked as a civil rights lawyer, judge, and interim president of South Carolina State University.
Summary: Ernest Finney recalls his father's teaching career and attending law school at South Carolina State College. He remembers defending the "Friendship Nine," a group of college students who protested segregation in Rock Hill, South Carolina. He discusses joining the South Carolina Human Rights Commission, serving as a state representative, and his election to the State Supreme Court.
Moving Images
6 video files of 6 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (55 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0025_mv01-06
BOX-FOLDER 2/7Manuscripts
1 transcript (27 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0025_finney_transcript
Cecil J. Williams oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Orangeburg, South Carolina, 2011-06-09
Digital content available
Biographical History: Cecil J. Williams was born in 1937 in Orangeburg, South Carolina, and married Constance Goode in 1959. He attended South Carolina State College and Claflin College, and worked as a photographer.
Summary: Cecil J. Williams remembers his childhood in Orangeburg, South Carolina, and starting his career as a photographer for several African American publications in his teens. He remembers photographing President Kennedy, Thurgood Marshall, and other civil rights leaders. He also discusses the Briggs v. Elliot school desegregation case, and his photographs of the Orangeburg Massacre.
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (117 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0026_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 2/8Manuscripts
1 transcript (58 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0026_williamsc_transcript
William Saunders oral history interview conducted by Kieran Walsh Taylor in Charleston, South Carolina, 2011-06-09
Digital content available
Biographical History: William Saunders was born 1935 in New York, New York, married Henrietta Jenkins, and had 10 children. He attended Southern Business College, Southern Illinois University Vocational Education, and the University of Nevada. He worked as a politician and CEO of Committee on Better Racial Assurance Human Services Agency.
Summary: William Saunders remembers his childhood on Johns Island, South Carolina, and working with Esau Jenkins, a local civil rights leader. He recalls serving in the army during the Korean War, attending the Highlander Folk School, and working at a mattress factory. He also discusses founding the “Lowcountry Newsletter,” helping the workers in the Charleston Hospital Strike of 1969, and running unsuccessfully for the state senate.
Moving Images
4 video files of 4 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (84 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0027_mv01-04
BOX-FOLDER 2/9Manuscripts
1 transcript (49 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0027_saunders_transcript
Esther M. A. Terry oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Greensboro, North Carolina, 2011-07-06
Digital content available
Biographical History: Esther M. A. Terry was born in 1939 in Wise, North Carolina, as one of twelve siblings. She attended Bennett College, the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. She worked as professor and academic administrator.
Summary: Esther M. A. Terry remembers growing up in Wise, North Carolina, and attending Bennett College. She recalls planning the Greensboro Woolworth's sit-in with students from the Agricultural and Technical College of North Carolina (later North Carolina A & T University), being arrested for her participation, and the support of the Bennett College President, Dr. Willa Player. She also discusses attending the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill for her master's degree, and founding the African American Studies program at the University of Massachusetts (Amherst campus), where she earned her PhD and taught for many years.
Moving Images
10 video files of 10 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (92 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0028_mv01-10
BOX-FOLDER 2/10Manuscripts
1 transcript (37 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0028_terry_transcript
Evans Derrell Hopkins oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Richmond, Virginia, 2011-07-07
Digital content available
Biographical History: Evans Hopkins was born in 1954 in Danville, Virginia, married Ruth Hopkins, and had one son. He attended R. J. Reynolds High School and Winston-Salem State University. He joined the Black Panther Party and worked as a writer. Hopkins is the author of the book, Life After Life: A Story of Rage and Redemption.
Summary: Evans Hopkins recalls growing up in Danville, Virginia, and participating in efforts to desegregate public schools and the library. He remembers joining the Black Panther Party in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and Oakland, California, and working on Bobby Seale's campaign for Mayor of Oakland. He also discusses his imprisonment for car theft and the high rate of incarceration among African American men.
Moving Images
9 video files of 9 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (118 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0029_mv01-09
BOX-FOLDER 2/11Manuscripts
1 transcript (45 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0029_hopkins_transcript
Courtland Cox oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-07-08
Digital content available
Biographical History: Courtland Cox was born in 1941 in Harlem, New York. He attended Howard University and worked in government and business in Washington, D. C. Cox was a civil rights activist and a founder of the group that became the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Summary: Courtland Cox recalls growing up in Trinidad and New York City, and attending Howard University. He remembers organizing student protests in Washington, D. C., with the Nonviolent Action Group, which later merged with other groups to become the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). He also discusses the March on Washington, the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, changes in SNCC, and attending the Sixth Pan-African Congress.
Moving Images
Next Page »

Contents List