The Library of Congress >  Researchers >  Search Finding Aids  >  Civil Rights History Project collection, 2010-2016
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Series II: Interviews (continued)
Thomas Walter Gaither oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2011-09-12 (continued)
Thomas Walter Gaither oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 2011-09-12 (continued)
Summary: Thomas Gaither recalls growing up in Great Falls, South Carolina, attending Claflin College, and leading the college's National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) chapter. He remembers the student sit-ins in Orangeburg, South Carolina, joining the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), and being arrested for protesting in Hollywood, Florida. He discusses organizing the Freedom Rides, his belief in nonviolence, and earning his PhD in biology at the University of Iowa.
Moving Images
9 video files of 9 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (131 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0043_mv01-09
BOX-FOLDER 3/11Manuscripts
1 transcript (63 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0043_gaither_transcript
Audrey Nell Hamilton and JoeAnn Anderson Ulmer oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-13
Digital content available
Biographical History: Audrey Hamilton and JoeAnn Ulmer grew up in Saint Augustine, Florida, and participated in the Civil Rights Movement.
Summary: Audrey Hamilton and JoeAnn Ulmer recall growing up in Saint Augustine, Florida, and participating in sit-ins led by Dr. Robert Hayling at Woolworth's drug store as teenagers. They recall serving a sentence in jail, attending reform school, and meeting Martin Luther King, Jr., and Jackie Robinson.
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (66 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0044_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 3/12Manuscripts
1 transcript (36 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0044_hamilton&ulmer_transcript
Purcell Maurice Conway oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-13
Digital content available
Biographical History: Purcell Conway was born in 1948 in Saint Augustine, Florida. He participated in the Civil Rights Movement in Saint Augustine and worked as a police officer in New York City.
Summary: Purcell Conway recalls growing up in Saint Augustine, Florida, and working many odd jobs. He recalls facing discrimination, participating in demonstrations, and witnessing a riot when attempting to integrate the beach. He also discusses moving to New York City, his career as a police officer, and successfully suing the city for discrimination in promotions.
Moving Images
4 video files of 4 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (77 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0045_mv01-04
BOX-FOLDER 4/1Manuscripts
1 transcript (39 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0045_conway_transcript
Barbara Edna Vickers oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-13
Digital content available
Biographical History: Barbara Vickers was born in 1923 in Saint Augustine, Florida, and attended Excelsior High School. She was a beautician and civil rights activist in Saint Augustine.
Summary: Barbara Vickers recalls growing up in Saint Augustine, Florida, working in a shipyard in New York during World War II, and returning to Saint Augustine with her husband. She remembers working as a beautician, working with her neighbor, Dr. Robert Hayling, to organize civil rights protests, and participating in kneel-ins in segregated churches. She also discusses raising money to build a monument to the foot soldiers of the Civil Rights Movement in Saint Augustine.
Moving Images
4 video files of 4 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (59 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0046_mv01-04
BOX-FOLDER 4/2Manuscripts
1 transcript (31 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0046_vickers_transcript
Gwendolyn Annette Duncan oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-14
Digital content available
Biographical History: Gwendolyn Duncan was born in 1956 in Saint Augustine, Florida, married Richard Allen Duncan in 1976, and had five children. She attended St. John's River College and worked as an educator and in non-profit management. Duncan is President of 40th ACCORD (formally the 40th Anniversary to Commemorate the Civil Rights Demonstrations, Inc.), a non-profit established 2003 to promote awareness of local Civil Rights Movement history.
Summary: Gwendolyn Duncan recalls her family history in Saint Augustine, Florida, watching a Ku Klux Klan parade through the black neighborhood of Lincolnville, and integrating a white school. She discusses the efforts in Saint Augustine to commemorate the local Civil Rights Movement, including the ACCORD Freedom Trail.
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (34 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0047_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 4/3Manuscripts
1 transcript (18 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0047_duncan_transcript
Robert Bagner Hayling oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-14
Digital content available
Biographical History: Robert Hayling was born in 1929 in Tallahassee, Florida, married Athea Hayling, and had three children. He attended Florida A & M College and Meharry Medical College, and worked as a dentist. He was the principal leader of the Saint Augustine movement in the early 1960s.
Summary: Robert Hayling recalls serving in the air force during World War II, attending the Meharry Dental School, and participating in civil rights protests in Nashville, Tennessee. He remembers starting his dental practice in Saint Augustine, Florida, leading the local National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) youth group, and the exclusion of African Americans from Saint Augustine's 400th anniversary celebration, and being attacked by the Ku Klux Klan. He also discusses resigning from the NAACP, the support of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) for local protests, and his move to Cocoa, Florida.
Moving Images
6 video files of 6 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (115 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0048_mv01-06
BOX-FOLDER 4/4Manuscripts
1 transcript (45 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0048_hayling_transcript
Gwendolyn Zoharah Simmons oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Gainesville, Florida, 2011-09-14
Digital content available
Biographical History: Gwendolyn Simmons was born in 1944 in Memphis, Tennessee, and had one daughter. She attended Spelman College, Antioch University, and Temple University. She worked as a professor of religion at the University of Florida. She was a civil rights activist and member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Summary: Gwendolyn Simmons recalls joining the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) while a student at Spelman College. She remembers directing SNCC's voter registration and Freedom School, called the Freedom Summer Project in Laurel, Mississippi. She discusses learning about Black Nationalism in New York, the decision in SNCC to expel white members, and her work with the American Friends Service Committee's Program on Government Surveillance and Citizens’ Rights to interview members of organizations investigated by the FBI's Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO).
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (97 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0049_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 4/5Manuscripts
1 transcript (43 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0049_simmons_transcript
Shirley Miller Sherrod oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Albany, Georgia, 2011-09-15
Digital content available
Biographical History: Shirley Sherrod was born in 1948 in Baker County, Georgia, and married Charles Sherrod in 1966. She attended Fort Valley State College and Albany State University, worked as a community organizer in rural farming and land issues, and was head of Federation of Southern Cooperatives.
Summary: Shirley Sherrod recalls growing up on a farm in Baker County, Georgia, her father's murder, and joining the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She remembers traveling to Washington, D. C., to protest the Justice Department, and the attacks on her husband, Reverend Charles Sherrod, a civil rights leader in Albany, Georgia. She also discusses starting the New Communities Land Trust and working for the Federation of Southern Cooperatives and other organizations to help African American farmers.
Moving Images
12 video files of 12 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (104 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0050_mv01-12
BOX-FOLDER 4/6Manuscripts
1 transcript (49 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0050_sherrodshirley_transcript
Kathleen Cleaver oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-09-16
Digital content available
Biographical History: Kathleen Cleaver was born in 1945 in Dallas, Texas, married Eldridge Cleaver, and had two children. She attended Oberlin College, Barnard College, and Yale University, and worked as a political activist, attorney, and professor. She is noted for her involvement with the Black Panther Party with Eldridge Cleaver.
Summary: Kathleen Cleaver recalls growing up in Tuskegee, Alabama, India, and the Philippines while her father worked for the foreign service. She remembers dropping out of college to work for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) as a secretary, and witnessing the dissolution of that organization. She discusses meeting her husband, Eldridge Cleaver, joining the Black Panther Party, and organizing against police brutality.
Moving Images
10 video files of 10 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (123 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0051_mv01-10
BOX-FOLDER 4/7Manuscripts
1 transcript (57 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0051_cleaver_transcript
Candie Carawan and Guy Hughes Carawan oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in New Market, Tennessee, 2011-09-19
Digital content available
Biographical History: Guy Carawan was born in 1927 in Los Angeles, California, married Noel Oliver in 1954 (d. 1958) and Candie Anderson in 1961, and had two children. He attended Occidental College and University of California, Los Angeles, and worked at the Highlander Folk Center as music director, collector, and performing musician. Candie Carawan was born in 1939 in Los Angeles, California, attended Pomona College, and worked at the Highlander Folk Center as a cultural educator, singer, artist, and potter.
Summary: Candie Carawan recalls attending Fisk University as an exchange student and meeting civil rights activists in Nashville, Tennessee. She discusses meeting Guy Carawan at the Highlander Folk School, the importance of music to the civil rights movement, and Guy's work to record singers involved with the movement. The two perform several songs, including "Tree of Life," "Eyes on the Prize," and "We Shall Overcome."
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (54 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0052_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 4/8Manuscripts
1 transcript (29 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0052__carawan_transcript
David Mercer Ackerman and Satoko Ito Ackerman oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-09-20
Digital content available
Biographical History: David M. Ackerman was born in 1942 in Savanna, Illinois, married Satoko Ito in 1967, and had one child. He attended Knox College, the Chicago Theological Seminary, and Georgetown Law Center, and worked as an attorney. Satoko Ackerman was born in 1939 in Osaka, Japan, attended Yankton College and Chicago Theological Seminary, and worked in child care and public policy.
Summary: David and Satoko Ackerman recall meeting at the Chicago Theological Seminary and remember their classmate Jesse Jackson urging students to attend the Selma to Montgomery March. They recall traveling to Selma, participating in the march, and their later life in Silver Spring, Maryland.
Moving Images
6 video files of 6 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (62 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0053_mv01-06
BOX-FOLDER 4/9Manuscripts
1 transcript (30 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0053_ackermans_transcript
Dorie Ann Ladner and Joyce Ladner oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-09-20
Digital content available
Biographical History: Dorie Ladner was born in 1942 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. She attended Jackson State College, Tougaloo College, and Howard University and worked as a social worker. Her sister, Joyce Ladner, was born in 1943 in Battles, Mississippi, and married Walter Carrington. She attended Jackson State College, Tougaloo College, and Washington University-St. Louis, and worked as a professor.
Summary: Dorie and Joyce Ladner discuss organizing for the March on Washington with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Dorie Ladner recalls her work with SNCC in Natchez, Mississippi, and the murder and trial of Medgar Evers. They both remember growing up in Palmers Crossing, Mississippi, their family history, joining the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) youth chapter led by Clyde Kennard, and the impact that Emmett Till's murder had on their generation. Dorie also recalls attending Tougaloo College, staying at the Freedom House in Jackson, Mississippi, and organizing the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
Moving Images
7 video files of 7 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (121 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0054_mv01-07
BOX-FOLDER 4/10Manuscripts
1 transcript (73 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0054_ladners_transcript
William Lamar Strickland oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Amherst, Massachusetts, 2011-09-23
Digital content available
Biographical History: William Strickland was born in 1937 in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended Harvard University and worked as a professor of political science and Afro-American Studies at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Summary: William Strickland recalls growing up in Boston, Massachusetts, attending Boston Latin High School and Harvard University, and serving as a Marine. He remembers his friendship with Malcolm X, joining the Northern Student Movement, and his work with Vincent Harding and the Institute of the Black World. He also discusses the current research on Malcolm X and his opinions on politics.
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (130 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0055_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 4/11Manuscripts
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