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Series II: Interviews (continued)
Gwendolyn Annette Duncan oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-14 (continued)
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (34 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0047_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 4/3Manuscripts
1 transcript (18 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0047_duncan_transcript
Robert Bagner Hayling oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Saint Augustine, Florida, 2011-09-14
Digital content available
Biographical History: Robert Hayling was born in 1929 in Tallahassee, Florida, married Athea Hayling, and had three children. He attended Florida A & M College and Meharry Medical College, and worked as a dentist. He was the principal leader of the Saint Augustine movement in the early 1960s.
Summary: Robert Hayling recalls serving in the air force during World War II, attending the Meharry Dental School, and participating in civil rights protests in Nashville, Tennessee. He remembers starting his dental practice in Saint Augustine, Florida, leading the local National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) youth group, and the exclusion of African Americans from Saint Augustine's 400th anniversary celebration, and being attacked by the Ku Klux Klan. He also discusses resigning from the NAACP, the support of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) for local protests, and his move to Cocoa, Florida.
Moving Images
6 video files of 6 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (115 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0048_mv01-06
BOX-FOLDER 4/4Manuscripts
1 transcript (45 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0048_hayling_transcript
Gwendolyn Zoharah Simmons oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Gainesville, Florida, 2011-09-14
Digital content available
Biographical History: Gwendolyn Simmons was born in 1944 in Memphis, Tennessee, and had one daughter. She attended Spelman College, Antioch University, and Temple University. She worked as a professor of religion at the University of Florida. She was a civil rights activist and member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).
Summary: Gwendolyn Simmons recalls joining the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) while a student at Spelman College. She remembers directing SNCC's voter registration and Freedom School, called the Freedom Summer Project in Laurel, Mississippi. She discusses learning about Black Nationalism in New York, the decision in SNCC to expel white members, and her work with the American Friends Service Committee's Program on Government Surveillance and Citizens’ Rights to interview members of organizations investigated by the FBI's Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO).
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (97 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0049_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 4/5Manuscripts
1 transcript (43 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0049_simmons_transcript
Shirley Miller Sherrod oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Albany, Georgia, 2011-09-15
Digital content available
Biographical History: Shirley Sherrod was born in 1948 in Baker County, Georgia, and married Charles Sherrod in 1966. She attended Fort Valley State College and Albany State University, worked as a community organizer in rural farming and land issues, and was head of Federation of Southern Cooperatives.
Summary: Shirley Sherrod recalls growing up on a farm in Baker County, Georgia, her father's murder, and joining the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). She remembers traveling to Washington, D. C., to protest the Justice Department, and the attacks on her husband, Reverend Charles Sherrod, a civil rights leader in Albany, Georgia. She also discusses starting the New Communities Land Trust and working for the Federation of Southern Cooperatives and other organizations to help African American farmers.
Moving Images
12 video files of 12 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (104 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0050_mv01-12
BOX-FOLDER 4/6Manuscripts
1 transcript (49 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0050_sherrodshirley_transcript
Kathleen Cleaver oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Atlanta, Georgia, 2011-09-16
Digital content available
Biographical History: Kathleen Cleaver was born in 1945 in Dallas, Texas, married Eldridge Cleaver, and had two children. She attended Oberlin College, Barnard College, and Yale University, and worked as a political activist, attorney, and professor. She is noted for her involvement with the Black Panther Party with Eldridge Cleaver.
Summary: Kathleen Cleaver recalls growing up in Tuskegee, Alabama, India, and the Philippines while her father worked for the foreign service. She remembers dropping out of college to work for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) as a secretary, and witnessing the dissolution of that organization. She discusses meeting her husband, Eldridge Cleaver, joining the Black Panther Party, and organizing against police brutality.
Moving Images
10 video files of 10 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (123 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0051_mv01-10
BOX-FOLDER 4/7Manuscripts
1 transcript (57 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0051_cleaver_transcript
Candie Carawan and Guy Hughes Carawan oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in New Market, Tennessee, 2011-09-19
Digital content available
Biographical History: Guy Carawan was born in 1927 in Los Angeles, California, married Noel Oliver in 1954 (d. 1958) and Candie Anderson in 1961, and had two children. He attended Occidental College and University of California, Los Angeles, and worked at the Highlander Folk Center as music director, collector, and performing musician. Candie Carawan was born in 1939 in Los Angeles, California, attended Pomona College, and worked at the Highlander Folk Center as a cultural educator, singer, artist, and potter.
Summary: Candie Carawan recalls attending Fisk University as an exchange student and meeting civil rights activists in Nashville, Tennessee. She discusses meeting Guy Carawan at the Highlander Folk School, the importance of music to the civil rights movement, and Guy's work to record singers involved with the movement. The two perform several songs, including "Tree of Life," "Eyes on the Prize," and "We Shall Overcome."
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (54 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0052_mv01-05
BOX-FOLDER 4/8Manuscripts
1 transcript (29 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0052__carawan_transcript
David Mercer Ackerman and Satoko Ito Ackerman oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-09-20
Digital content available
Biographical History: David M. Ackerman was born in 1942 in Savanna, Illinois, married Satoko Ito in 1967, and had one child. He attended Knox College, the Chicago Theological Seminary, and Georgetown Law Center, and worked as an attorney. Satoko Ackerman was born in 1939 in Osaka, Japan, attended Yankton College and Chicago Theological Seminary, and worked in child care and public policy.
Summary: David and Satoko Ackerman recall meeting at the Chicago Theological Seminary and remember their classmate Jesse Jackson urging students to attend the Selma to Montgomery March. They recall traveling to Selma, participating in the march, and their later life in Silver Spring, Maryland.
Moving Images
6 video files of 6 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (62 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0053_mv01-06
BOX-FOLDER 4/9Manuscripts
1 transcript (30 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0053_ackermans_transcript
Dorie Ann Ladner and Joyce Ladner oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Washington, D.C., 2011-09-20
Digital content available
Biographical History: Dorie Ladner was born in 1942 in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. She attended Jackson State College, Tougaloo College, and Howard University and worked as a social worker. Her sister, Joyce Ladner, was born in 1943 in Battles, Mississippi, and married Walter Carrington. She attended Jackson State College, Tougaloo College, and Washington University-St. Louis, and worked as a professor.
Summary: Dorie and Joyce Ladner discuss organizing for the March on Washington with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Dorie Ladner recalls her work with SNCC in Natchez, Mississippi, and the murder and trial of Medgar Evers. They both remember growing up in Palmers Crossing, Mississippi, their family history, joining the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) youth chapter led by Clyde Kennard, and the impact that Emmett Till's murder had on their generation. Dorie also recalls attending Tougaloo College, staying at the Freedom House in Jackson, Mississippi, and organizing the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
Moving Images
7 video files of 7 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (121 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0054_mv01-07
BOX-FOLDER 4/10Manuscripts
1 transcript (73 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0054_ladners_transcript
William Lamar Strickland oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Amherst, Massachusetts, 2011-09-23
Digital content available
Biographical History: William Strickland was born in 1937 in Boston, Massachusetts. He attended Harvard University and worked as a professor of political science and Afro-American Studies at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
Summary: William Strickland recalls growing up in Boston, Massachusetts, attending Boston Latin High School and Harvard University, and serving as a Marine. He remembers his friendship with Malcolm X, joining the Northern Student Movement, and his work with Vincent Harding and the Institute of the Black World. He also discusses the current research on Malcolm X and his opinions on politics.
Moving Images
2 video files of 2 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (130 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0055_mv01-02
BOX-FOLDER 4/11Manuscripts
1 transcript (56 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0055_strickland_transcript
Carrie M. Young oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Little Rock, Arkansas, 2011-09-26
Digital content available
Biographical History: Carrie Young was born in 1948 in Barton, Arkansas, married Howard L. Himmelbaum in 1967 and later Carl E. Young, and had one child. She attended the Opportunity Industrialization Center and the University of Arkansas-Little Rock, and worked as a keypunch operator, accounting clerk, publication printing, and in data entry and administrative work.
Summary: Carrie Young recalls growing up in on a farm, moving to West Helena, Arkansas, with her family, and meeting civil rights organizers from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), including Myrtle Glascoe, Bill Hansen, and Howard Himmelbaum. She remembers registering voters, gathering signatures to overturn a poll tax, and protesting at the Arkansas state capitol. She discusses her marriage to Howard Himmelbaum, suing her employer for discrimination, and working with the group Black United Youth in Little Rock, Arkansas.
Moving Images
9 video files of 9 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (125 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0056_mv01-09
BOX-FOLDER 4/12Manuscripts
1 transcript (65 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0056__young_transcript
Elmer Dixon oral history interview conducted by David P. Cline in Seattle, Washington, 2013-02-28.
Digital content available
Biographical History: Elmer Dixon was the co-chair of the Seattle, Washington, chapter of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and also established the Seattle chapter of the Black Panther Party with his brother, Aaron Dixon. He later worked in the field of diversity and cross-cultural communication.
Summary: Elmer Dixon discusses his childhood in Chicago, Illinois and Seattle, Washington, where he marched with Martin Luther King, Jr., and heard Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) leader Stokely Carmichael speak. At 17 he met Black Panthers Bobby Seale and Huey Newton in Oakland and established, with his brother Aaron Dixon as Defense Captain, the Seattle chapter of the Black Panther Party. Dixon discusses his work with the Panthers, the survival of several of the programs he started, including a health clinic, his work after the Panther chapter closed down in 1978, and his current position as director of an executive consulting firm specializing in diversity issues.
Moving Images
11 video files of 11 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (152 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0057_mv01-11
Manuscripts
1 transcript (66 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0057_Dixon_transcript
Steven McNichols oral history interview conducted by David P. Cline in Burlingame, California, 2013-03-01.
Digital content available
Biographical History: Steven McNichols was a freedom rider with the Congress of Racial Equality and civil rights director of the National Student Association. He attended the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Texas at Austin. He was elected Civil Rights Director of the National Student Association, supported the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, and assisted the Delta Ministry and Department of Agriculture with distributing surplus food to poor African Americans in Mississippi. He later worked for Mayor Tom Bradley of Los Angeles and pursued a law degree and career as an employment discrimination attorney.
Summary: Steven McNichols discussed his childhood in New York City, his mother's illnesses and attending the University of California, Los Angeles in 1958. He became involved in politics through the National Student Federation and National Student Association, and participated in the Freedom Rides, riding a train from Los Angeles, California, to Houston, Texas. He also discusses his work with the Delta Ministry, the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, and the 1964 Democratic Party convention.
Moving Images
11 video files of 11 (HD, Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (137 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0058_mv01-11
Manuscripts
1 transcript (51 pages)
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0058_McNichols_transcript
Mildred Pitts Walter oral history interview conducted by David P. Cline in San Mateo, California, 2013-03-01.
Digital content available
Biographical History: Mildred Pitts Walter and her husband, Earl Walter, were active in the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) in the late 1950s helping to desegregate housing in California. She also helped recruit Freedom Riders from California. She later became a teacher and prolific children's book author.
Summary: Mildred Pitts Walter discusses her early life in Louisiana, attending Southern University, and moving to Los Angeles in 1944. Pitts recalls meeting Earl Walter whom she married two years later, her work with Earl who headed the Los Angeles chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) from 1951 to 1963, CORE pickets of housing developers in Los Angeles, and her work as a clerk in the LA school district while getting her teaching credentials. She also discusses her career writing over 20 books for children, her work with a national association of nurses to develop culturally sensitive training, marching in the Soviet Union for peace, her ideas about civil rights and human rights.
Moving Images
5 video files of 5 (Apple ProRes 422 HQ, QuickTime wrapper) (91 min.) : digital, sound, color.
Digital ID: afc2010039_crhp0059_mv01-05
Manuscripts
1 transcript (36 pages)
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