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Transcripts from the Gerald S. and Deborah H. Strober oral history collection, 1989-1996

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Transcripts of oral history interviews of the Richard M. Nixon Presidency, 1992-1994
Oral history interviews conducted by Gerald S. and Deborah H. Strober for their book entitled Nixon: An Oral History of His Presidency.
BOX-FOLDER 3/1 Oral history interview with Morris Amitay, 1993-12-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 16, 1993; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Amitay was a legislative aide to Senator Abraham Ribicoff (D-Conn.).
Amitay discusses his observations on U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger's American-Israeli policies, inclusing Kissinger's opposition to a large-scale relief effort during the Yom Kippur War of October 1973, and the latter's personal sense of Jewishness. Amitay further relates a meeting between Kissinger, Israeli Ambassador to the U.S. Yitzhak Rabin, Democratic Presidential Candidate George McGovern, and Senator Abraham Ribicoff.
BOX-FOLDER 3/2 Oral history interview with Bobby Baker, 1993-12-03
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 3, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Baker was a confidant of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Baker discusses President Lyndon Johnson's decision not to run for reelection in 1968, President Richard Nixon's decision not to burn the Watergate tapes, circumstances surrounding Teamsters president James Hoffa's release from prison, Nixon's marriage, and Baker's personal observations on key Nixon administration staff.
BOX-FOLDER 3/3 Oral history interview with Bernard Barker, 1993-10-03
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 3, 1993; recorded at Miami, Florida.
Barker was member of a special investigations unit in the Nixon White House that carried out the Watergate burglary.
Barker discusses his recruitment by Howard Hunt for, and subsequent involvement in, the Fielding and Watergate burglaries, and the resulting investigation, trial, and conviction.
BOX-FOLDER 3/4 Oral history interview with Yuri Barsukov, 1994-01-08
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 8, 1994; recorded via telephone.
Barsukov was correspondent for Soviet newspaper Izvestia in Washington.
Barsukov discusses reaction in the Soviet Union to President Richard M. Nixon's election in 1968, and the subsequent changing U.S.-Soviet relationship; Barsukov further discusses Soviet leaders' reactions to Nixon's resignation as President, and the alleged passing of U.S. documents to the Soviet embassy in Washington by Daniel Ellsberg.
BOX-FOLDER 3/5 Oral history interview with Richard Ben-Veniste, 1994-01-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 26, 1994 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Ben-Veniste was Watergate assistant special prosecutor and chief of the Watergate Task Force.
Ben-Veniste discusses working on the Watergate Task Force, the Watergate tapes and their importance in the subsequent prosecutions, the proposed Stennis compromise and the subsequent Saturday Night Massacre firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, the question of erasure of one of the Watergate tapes, and contemporary opinions about prosecution of former President Richard M. Nixon after his resignation.
BOX-FOLDER 3/6 Oral history interview with Robert Bork, 1993-11-19
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 19, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Robert Bork was Solicitor General and Acting Attorney General of the United States.
Bork discusses his hiring as Solicitor General of the United States, President Richard M. Nixon's legal philosophy, the Watergate scandal, circumstances surrounding Bork's firing of Watergate Special Prosecuter Archibald Cox (known as the Saturday Night Massacre), and Vice President Spiro Agnew's resignation.
BOX-FOLDER 3/7 Oral history interview with Ben Bradlee, 1994-03-01
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on March 1, 1994 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Bradlee was executive editor of the Washington Post newspaper.
Bradlee discusses events surrounding the release of the Pentagon Papers, President Richard Nixon's relationship with the press, the Watergate investigation and legacy, Bradlee's character observations of Nixon's staff, informant Deep Throat (FBI associate director William Mark Felt), Nixon's foreign affairs legacy, and the former President's attempts to rehabilitate his image in later life.
BOX-FOLDER 3/8 Oral history interview with Herbert Brownell, 1993-09-22
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 22, 1993 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Brownell was Attorney General of the United States during the President Dwight D. Eisenhower administration.
Brownell discusses the Vice-Presidential career of Richard M. Nixon, the latter's run for the Presidency in 1960 and for Governor of California in 1962, Nixon's selection of Spiro Agnew as his Vice-Presidential running mate, the snubbing of Nixon's old cohort of political allies in favor of a new Presidential entourage, and the legacy of Richard Nixon's Presidency.
BOX-FOLDER 3/9 Oral history interview with Stephen Bull, 1992-12-29
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 29, 1992 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Bull was special assistant and appointments secretary in the White House Office of President Richard M. Nixon.
Bull discusses working on the 1968 Richard Nixon Presidential campaign, Bull's recruitment as appointments secretary in the White House office, his working relationship with President Nixon, a typical day in Nixon's schedule, the Watergate scandal, the alleged partial erasure of one of the Watergate tapes, and the appointment of Gerald Ford as Vice President.
BOX-FOLDER 3/10 Oral history interview with Alexander Butterfield, 1993-01-21
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 21, 1993 ; recorded at Beverly Hills, California.
Butterfield was special assistant to President Richard M. Nixon and discloser of the existence of the Oval Office tapes.
Butterfield discusses the Oval Office tapes, Butterfield's duties as White House special assistant, President Richard M. Nixon's marriage, Nixon's work habits, Electronic Data Systems founder H. Ross Perot, and Butterfield's testimony to Watergate investigators including revelation of the existence of the Oval Office tapes.
BOX-FOLDER 3/11 Oral history interview with Dwight Chapin, 1993-11-01
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 1, 1993 ; recorded at New York City, N.Y.
Chapin was appointments secretary for President Richard M. Nixon.
Chapin discusses Richard M. Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign, Richard Nixon's personality, Chapin's indictment and conviction of lying to a grand jury, and key Nixon administration staff including White House communications director Herbert Klein, Secretary of State William P. Rogers, and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, White House special counsel Charles Colson, Donald Segretti, Martha Mitchell (wife of Attorney General John Mitchell), and Murray Chotiner.
BOX-FOLDER 3/12 Oral history interview with William Colby, 1993-11-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 17, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Colby was Director of the Central Intelligence Agency from 1973 to 1976.
Colby discusses investigations into the anti-Vietnam War movement, the election of Chilean President Salvador Allende, Daniel Ellsberg, the clandestine activities group known as the Plumbers, the Watergate break-in, and the Yom Kippur War.
BOX-FOLDER 3/13 Oral history interview with Charles Colson, 1993-06-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on June 16, 1993 ; recorded via telephone.
Colson was special counsel to President Richrd M. Nixon.
Colson discusses President Richard M. Nixon's working relationship with key staff figures, especially National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, politics as warfare mentality in the Nixon White House, Watergate planner E. Howard Hunt, and the Watergate break-in.
BOX-FOLDER 3/14 Oral history interview with Archibald Cox, 1993-09-29
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 29, 1993 ; recorded at Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Cox was special prosecutor for the Watergate investigation.
Cox discusses his appointment as Watergate special prosecutor, the Watergate investigation, details of the proposed Stennis compromise, and the Saturday Night Massacre firing of Cox, Attorney General Elliot Richardson, and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus.
BOX-FOLDER 3/15 Oral history interview with Samuel Dash, 1993-10-18
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 18, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Dash was co-chief counsel for the United States Senate Watergate select committee.
Dash discusses his recruitment as chief counsel by U.S. Senate Watergate Committee chair Sam Ervin, planning for the Watergate hearings, working with co-chief counsel Fred Thompson, working with Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, the discovery of the existence of the Oval Office tapes, and the possibility of a criminal trial for former President Richard M. Nixon.
BOX-FOLDER 3/16 Oral history interview with John Dean, 1994-02-13
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 13, 1994 ; recorded at Beverly Hills, California.
Dean was White House counsel to President Richard Nixon and Associate Deputy Attorney General.
Dean discusses his duties as Associate Deputy Attorney General in the President Richard M. Nixon administration; the Pentagon Papers investigation; vetting Supreme Court nominees including William H. Rehnquist; administration reactions to the anti-Vietnam War movement; early meetings at which preliminary plans for the Watergate break-in were presented; the breaking of the Watergate scandal and administration reactions to it; Dean's reactions to the Watergate scandal; clandestine activities operating out of the White House; secret documents in the office safe of E. Howard Hunt; Richard Nixon's July 29, 1972 press conference; the Oval Office tapes; Dean's firing by President Richard M. Nixon; and Richard Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 3/17 Oral history interview with Arnaud de Borchgrave, 1993-12-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 16, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
De Borchgrave was chief correspondent for Newsweek magazine.
De Borchgrave discusses the Watergate scandal, an alleged French intelligence report indicating the Watergate break-in was engineered by foreign intelligence services to embarrass President Richard M. Nixon, Arab-Israeli policy prior to the Yom Kippur War, Daniel Ellsberg's personality, the Vietnam War and the invasion of Cambodia, and peace negotiations with North Vietnam.
BOX-FOLDER 3/18 Oral history interview with Bui Diem, 1993-12-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 17, 1993 ; recorded at Rockville, Maryland.
Bui Diem was Ambassador to the United States from the Republic of South Vietnam, 1967-1975.
Bui Diem discusses his first meeting with then Presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon, his difficulties in conveying to the South Vietnamese government the strength of the American anti-Vietnam War movement, the Pentagon Papers and Daniel Ellsberg, the peace negotiations with North Vietnam, the effectiveness of the Christmas 1974 bombing campaign of North Vietnam, and the end of the Vietnam War.
BOX-FOLDER 3/19 Oral history interview with John Ehrlichman, 1993-10-22
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 22, 1993 ; recorded at Atlanta, Georgia.
Ehrlichman was counsel Assistant to the President for Domestic Affairs in the White House of President Richard Nixon.
Ehrlichman discusses Richard Nixon's thoughts on John F. Kennedy; China, Nixon's relationships with Vice President Spiro Agnew; National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, and White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; a typical work day for Ehrlichman as domestic advisor to President Richard Nixon; Nixon's desire to shape his own legacy; Daniel Ellsberg; the break-in of Dr. Lewis Fielding's office; the Watergate scandal; the trials of Watergate participants; the pardon of Richard M. Nixon by President Gerald Ford; and Nixon's use of coarse language on the Watergate tapes.
BOX-FOLDER 3/20 Oral history interview with Hermann Eilts, 1993-10-27
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 27, 1993 ; recorded at Boston, Massachusetts.
Eilts was Principal Officer in the U.S. Interests Section of the Spanish Embassy in Egypt, 1973-1974, and United States Ambassador to Egypt, 1974-1979.
Eilts discusses the Yom Kippur War, organizing the Geneva Conference of 1973, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, Kissinger's initial opposition to relief of Israel during the Yom Kippur War, Middle East policy of the Nixon administration, U.S. President Richard Nixon's visit to Egypt, and perception of the Watergate scandal and Nixon's resignation by Egyptian administration officials.
BOX-FOLDER 3/21 Oral history interview with Daniel Ellsberg, 1993-12-03 , 1993-12-15
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 3, 1993 and December 15, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Ellsberg was an analyst at the RAND Corporation who contributed to the study of the documents known as the Pentagon Papers, which Ellsberg leaked to various newspapers in 1971.
Ellsberg discusses his preparation of National Security Study Memorandum One (NISIM 1) for National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, strategic bombing and mining in the Vietnam War, the break-in of Ellsberg's psychiatrist Dr. Lewis Fielding's office by the clandestine group known as the Plumbers, Ellsberg's father-in-law Louis Marx's relationship with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, allegations made by Kissinger that Ellsberg shot at civilians during combat actions in the Vietnam War, charges that Ellsberg passed classified documents to Soviet agents, security within the RAND corporation, and Ellsberg's decision to release the Pentagon Papers.
BOX-FOLDER 3/22 Oral history interview with James Farmer, 1994-05-25
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on May 25, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Farmer was an Assistant Secretary for Administration in the Department of Housing, Education, and Welfare (HEW).
Farmer discusses consulting with President Richard M. Nixon about overriding the veto by Governor John Bell Williams of Head Start funding in Missippi, Farmer's appointment as Assistant Secretary in the Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Nixon's record on domestic and civil rights issues, and Farmer's resignation as Assistant Secretary over the nomination of G. Harrold Carswell for Supreme Court Associate Justice.
BOX-FOLDER 3/23 Oral history interview with Muhammad Fawzi, 1994-02-24
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 24, 1993 ; recorded at Cairo, Egypt.
Fawzi was general commander of the Egyptian armed forces from 1967 and Egyptian Minister of War, 1968-1971.
Fawzi discusses the Israel-Arab War of 1967, Egypt's military preparations for subsequent conflict with Israel, the War of Attrition, reversal of Egyptian war policy under Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, and U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's visit to Egypt in 1974.
BOX-FOLDER 3/24 Oral history interview with Fred Fielding, 1994-01-27
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 27, 1974 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Fielding was Assistant Counsel and Deputy Counsel to President Richard M. Nixon.
Fielding discusses President Richard M. Nixon's legal defense team, the Oval Office tapes, John Dean, tracking down White House secretary Kathleen Chenow, Watergate Plumber Egil "Bud" Krogh, Special Counsel Charles Colson, and Richard Nixon's comeback and legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 3/25 Oral history interview with Robert Finch, 1993-01-20
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 20, 1993 ; recorded at Pasadena, California.
Finch was United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), 1969-1970.
Finch discusses Richard M. Nixon's 1960 Presidential election campaign, Nixon's 1962 California Gubernatorial election campaign, Finch's candidacy for Vice-President in the 1968 Presidential election, Vice-President Spiro Agnew, the relationship between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and then Vice-President Richard Nixon, Nixon's election and obsession with the media, the Watergate scandal, the system used for taping conversations in the Oval Office, and Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 3/26 Oral history interview with Gerald Ford, 1993-11-22
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 22, 1993 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Ford was Minority Leader in the United States House of Representatives, 1965-1973, and Vice President of the United States, 1973-1974. Ford replaced Richard M. Nixon as President of the United States in 1974, upon the latter's resignation, and issued Nixon a Presidential pardon in September 1974.
Ford discusses first meeting then Congressman Richard M. Nixon in 1949, the nomination of Spiro Agnew as Vice Presidential candidate, President Nixon's China and Soviet Union policies, Ford's nomination as Vice President of the United States following the resignation of Spiro Agnew, Nixon's civil rights policy, retaining Henry Kissinger as U.S. Secretary of State in the Ford Presidential administration, Nixon's resignation as President of the United States, the Watergate scandal, the evidence of the Oval Office tapes, the Presidential Pardon issued by Gerald Ford to Richard Nixon and the political consequences of that act for Ford, and Richard Nixon's political comeback and legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 3/27 Oral history interview with Leonard Garment, 1993-11-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 16, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Garment was Special Assistant to President Richard M. Nixon, 1969-1974, and acting White House Counsel, 1973-1974.
Garment discusses Richard M. Nixon joining the law firm of Mudge, Stern, Baldwin, and Todd in 1963, John and Martha Mitchell, Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign, Garment's appointment as Special Assistant to the President, Nixon's top staff including Henry Kissinger, H.R. Haldeman, John Erlichman, Charles Colson, and John Dean, the formation of the clandestine White House group known as the Plumbers, the Watergate scandal and the content of the Oval Office tapes, the Watergate investigations, Garment's opinions on why the Oval Office tapes were not destroyed, the Yom Kippur War, Richard Nixon's resignation as President of the United States and subsequent political comeback.
BOX-FOLDER 3/28 Oral history interview with Seymour Glanzer, 1994-01-07
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 7, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Glanzer was Chief of the Anti-Fraud Section of the U.S. Attorney's Office for Washington, D.C., and served as one of the initial Watergate prosecutors.
Glanzer discusses the Watergate break-in, the investigation of Watergate by the U.S. Attorney's Office for Washington, D.C., the U.S. Senate Watergate select committee, and the implications of President Richard M. Nixon's acceptance of the Federal subpeona for the Oval Office tapes.
BOX-FOLDER 3/29 Oral history interview with Marshall Green, 1993-11-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 17, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Green was U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs, 1969-1973 and U.S. Ambassador to Australia, 1973-1975.
Green discusses President Richard M. Nixon's knowledge of Far Eastern affairs, the President's diplomatic summit in the Philippines, Nixon's relationship with and mistrust of the Foreign Service, National Security Advisor and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Green being kept out of the loop on Far Eastern policy decisions such as the opening up of China and the bombing of Cambodia, peace negotiations with the North Vietnam government, the Vietnamization policy, Vietnam prisoners of war, South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu, Daniel Ellsberg, the Shanghai Communique, and the normalization of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
BOX-FOLDER 3/30 Oral history interview with Alexander Haig, 1994-01-25
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 25, 1994 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Haig was military assistant to National Security Council Advisor Henry Kissinger, 1970-1973; U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff, 1973; and White House Chief of Staff, 1973-1974.
Haig discusses the working relationship between President Richard M. Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Vietnam War strategy, South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu, the policy of Vietnamization, the December 1972 "Christmas Bombings" of North Vietnam, prisoners of war, Haig's appointment as White House Chief of Staff, the Watergate scandal, the legal status of the Oval Office tapes and Richard Nixon's decision to allow them to be subpoenaed, Vice President Spiro Agnew, the Saturday Night Massacre firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, the appointment of House Minority Leader Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as Vice President of the United States, the worldwide alert of the U.S. government and military in response to ultimatums issued by the Soviet Union over events surrounding the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, Nixon's pardoning by President Gerald Ford, and Nixon's legacy and political comeback.
BOX-FOLDER 3/31 Oral history interview with H. R. Haldeman, 1993-01-19
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 19. 1993 ; recorded at Santa Barbara, California.
Haldeman was President Richard M. Nixon's first White House Chief of Staff.
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