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Transcripts from the Gerald S. and Deborah H. Strober oral history collection, 1989-1996

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Transcripts of oral history interviews of the Richard M. Nixon Presidency, 1992-1994 (continued)
Oral history interview with H. R. Haldeman, 1993-01-19 (continued)
Haldeman discusses a typical day working in the White House of President Richard M. Nixon; Nixon's Camp David retreats; Richard Nixon's relationship with his staff; White House church services; the 1968 Presidential election; Spiro Agnew as Vice President; the evidence of the Oval Office tapes in the Watergate investigation, especially the "smoking gun" recording of the June 23, 1972 Oval Office meeting; and Haldeman's attempt to secure a pardon for himself and for other Watergate conspirators. He further gives an evaluation of Richard Nixon's character, habits, and views on civil rights; foreign relations with China, the Soviet Union, Vietnam; charges of paranoia made against Richard Nixon; actions taken against Daniel Ellsberg after the latter released the Pentagon Papers; the "dirty trucks" operations overseen by Donald Segretti; and White House Special Counsel Charles Colson.
BOX-FOLDER 3/32 Oral history interview with Robert Hartmann, 1993-08-23
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on August 23, 1993 ; recorded at Bethesda, Maryland.
Hartmann was a political aide to House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford, and later counselor and speechwriter for President Ford.
Hartmann discusses President Richard Nixon's relationship with the Congressional Republican leadership and particularly House Minority Leader Gerald Ford, Ford's appointment as Vice President of the United States, Nixon's resignation as President, and President Gerald Ford's pardon of Nixon.
BOX-FOLDER 3/33 Oral history interview with Richard Helms, 1994-05-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on May 26, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Helms was Director of Central Intelligence in the administrations of Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon, 1966-1973, and U.S. Ambassador to Iran, 1973-1976.
Helms discusses learning that former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operative E. Howard Hunt was now working for the White House as part of the Special Investigations Unit (known as the White House Plumbers), the CIA providing a profile on Daniel Ellsberg to the White House, and Helms's reactions to the Fielding and Watergate break-ins. Helms addresses the allegations made that the Bay of Pigs operation, and E. Howard Hunt's activities in that matter, were of significance to the Watergate conspiracy. Helms further discusses whether President Richard Nixon was well served by his staff, and the extent to which the CIA was involved in Nixon's policy regarding China and the Soviet Union.
BOX-FOLDER 3/34 Oral history interview with Walter Hickel, 1993-12-29
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 29, 1993 ; recorded via telephone.
Hickel was United States Secretary of the Interior in the President Richard M. Nixon administration, 1969-1970.
Hickel discusses the character of President Richard M. Nixon, Hickel's firing as Secretary of the Interior over a letter he had written to Nixon criticizing the latter's Vietnam War policy, and Hickel's reaction upon being offered the post of Interior Secretary in 1968.
BOX-FOLDER 3/35 Oral history interview with Lawrence Higby, 1994-02-15
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 15, 1994 ; recorded at Los Angeles, California.
Higby was a campaign for Richard M. Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign and assistant to White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman.
Higby discusses a typical working day in the White House of President Richard M. Nixon, the system used for recording the Oval Office tapes and the revelation of their existence, the Watergate conspiracy and break-in, and the legacy of the Watergate scandal.
BOX-FOLDER 3/36 Oral history interview with Hafez Ismail, 1993-02-23
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 23, 1993 ; recorded at Cairo, Egypt.
Ismail was National Security Advisor to Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.
Ismail discusses the beginning of the Arab-Israeli War of 1973 (also known as the Yom Kippur War), strategy and developments in the war, intervention proposals from the United States and the Soviet Union, the origins of the conflict, and the peace measures proposed by U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger.
BOX-FOLDER 3/37 Oral history interview with Jerry Jones, 1994-02-04
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 4, 1994 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Jones was a campaign aide for Richard M. Nixon, 1972, director of the White House Personnel Office,1973-1974, and White House staff secretary under U.S. Presidents Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Jones discusses working on President Richard M. Nixon's 1972 election campaign, Jones's duties as White House staff secretary under Nixon, White House special counsel Charles Counsel, screening political appointees for the second term reorganization of the Executive branch, Nixon's top advisors, the Oval Office tapes and Jones's responsibility for their caretaking and security, the Watergate break-in and scandal, the role of politics in the Watergate investigations, White House Counsel John Dean, the final days in the Nixon White House, the pardoning of Richard Nixon by President Gerald Ford, and Jones's evaluation of Richard Nixon's character and motivations.
BOX-FOLDER 3/38 Oral history interview with David Keene, 1994-02-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 17, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Keene was Deputy Assistant for National Affairs in the administration of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon, and Assistant for National Affairs to Vice President Spiro Agnew.
Keene discusses U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew and his role within the administration of President Richard Nixon, Secretary of the Treasury John Connally, Agnew as spokesman for the Silent Majority, Keene's working relationship with the White House staff and special counsel Charles Colson in particular, the corruption charges leveled against Agnew, and Agnew's subsequent resignation.
BOX-FOLDER 3/39 Oral history interview with Herbert Klein, 1993-01-22
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 22, 1993 ; recorded at San Diego, California.
Klein was Communications Director for the Executive Branch, 1969-1973.
Klein discusses Richard Nixon's 1960 Presidential campaign, Klein's first meeting as a member of the press with Congressman Nixon, Nixon's rapport with the media, Nixon's 1962 California gubernatorial campaign, Klein's appointment as Exceutive Branch Communications Director and his duties pertaining to that office, White House special counsel Charles Colson's role in the administration, U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew, the Watergate scandal and the administation's response, and President Richard Nixon's legacy and comeback.
BOX-FOLDER 3/40 Oral history interview with Richard Kleindienst, 1994-02-11
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 11, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Kleindienst was Deputy Attorney General, 1969-1972, and Attorney General of the United States, 1972-1973.
Kleindienst discusses U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew, Kleindienst's appointment as Deputy Attorney General, working with then Attorney General John Mitchell, wiretapping, Kleindienst's resignation as U.S. Attorney General, Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, White Housel Counsel John Dean, President Richard Nixon's character, and G. Gordon Liddy's request that Kleindienst arrange the release of the Watergate burglars.
BOX-FOLDER 4/1 Oral history interview with Frederick C. LaRue, 1994-01-31
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 31, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
LaRue was a campaign aide for Richard M. Nixon's 1968 and 1972 Presidential campaigns, and an informal White House special consultant, 1968-1972.
LaRue discusses Richard Nixon's 1968 and 1972 Presidential campaigns; Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) Director John Mitchell; the March 30, 1972 meeting in Key Biscayne, Florida of LaRue, Mitchell, and CRP Deputy Director Jeb Magruder; questions about who authorized the dirty tracks campaign known as Operation Gemstone; discussions with CRP general counsel G. Gordon Liddy after the Watergate break-in concerning the various proposed abuses known as the White House Horrors, and promises made to the Watergate burglars that their financial needs would be taken care of if caught; and the origins of the Watergate coverup.
BOX-FOLDER 4/2 Oral history interview with G. Gordon Liddy, 1993-11-15
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 15, 1993 ; recorded at Fairfax, Virginia.
Liddy was an aide in the Treasury Department and White House during the administration of President Richard M. Nixon, General Counsel for the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP), and supervisor of the break-in of Democrat National Headquarters offices in the Watergate complex.
Liddy discusses his undercover role as poltical intelligence officer for the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP), threatening CRP operative Donald Segretti, planning and implementation of various "dirty tricks" operations particularly the break-ins of psychologist Dr. Lewis Fielding's office and the Democrat National Headquarters offices at the Watergate hotel complex, planned operations that were cancelled after the discovery of the Watergate break-in, andattempts made by unknown parties to break in to CRP headquarters. Liddy gives brief evaluations of White House Counsel John Dean, Attorney General John Mitchell's wife Martha, and President Richard M. Nixon.
BOX-FOLDER 4/3 Oral history interview with Winston Lord, 1993-12-02
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 2, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Lord was a staff member for the U.S. National Security Council, 1969-1973, and Director of the Department of State's Policy Planning Staff, 1973-1977.
Lord discusses his duties on the U.S. National Security Council staff, wiretapping, normalizing diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China, President Richard M. Nixon's meeting with Communist Party of China (CPC) Chairman Mao Zedong, U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger's negotiations with People's Republic of Vietnam representative Le Duc Tho and the Paris Peace Accords of 1973, Nizon's summit meetings with Soviet Union Communist Party General Secretary Leonid Il'ich Brezhnev, and Nixon and Kissinger's working relationship on foreign policy matters.
BOX-FOLDER 4/3 Oral history interview with Jeb Magruder, 1994-05-25
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on May 25, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Magruder was Special Assistant to the President, 1969-1971, Deputy Director of the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) for Richard Nixon's Presidential campaign, 1971-1972, Director for Nixon's second inauguration, 1972-1973, and Director of Policy Planning at the U.S. Department of Commerce, 1973.
Magruder discusses his role as Deputy Director of the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP); authorization for the Watergate break-in; CRP General Counsel G. Gordon Liddy's role in planning political intelligence operations; White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; attempts to contain the Watergate scandal; and the guilt of senior officials in President Richard M. Nixon's administration.
BOX-FOLDER 4/5 Oral history interview with Fred Malek, 1994-01-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 26, 1994 ; recorded at Washington D.C.
Malek was a Deputy Undersecretary at the Depertment of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), 1969-1970, Special Assistant to the President for personnel, 1970-1972, Deputy Director for the Committee to Relect the President (CRP) for Richard M. Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign, and Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), 1973-1975.
Malek discusses the devolution policy of New Federalism; a typical day working in the White House of President Richard M. Nixon; personnel policy in the Nixon administration; the request for mass resignation of senior officials at the start of Nixon's second Presidential term; White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) Deputy Director G. Gordon Liddy; White House Counsel John Dean; Richard Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign; the Watergate scandal; and Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 4/6 Oral history interview with Robert Mardian, 1994-02-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 16, 1994 ; recorded at Phoenix, Arizona.
Mardian was General Counsel for the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW), Assistant Attorney General of the United States in charge of the Internal Security Division, and Deputy Director of the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) for Richard M. Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign.
Mardian discusses President Richard M. Nixon; Mardian's role as initial attorney for the Watergate burglars, and the charges leveled against Mardian that he had been involved in attempts to have the same released from custody as part of a coverup; the U.S. Department of Justice Internal Security Division's investigation of Daniel Ellsberg and the Pentagon Papers case; U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger; Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Director J. Edgar Hoover; and Mardian's conspiracy trial.
BOX-FOLDER 4/7 Oral history interview with George McGovern, 1994-01-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 26, 1994 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
McGovern was U.S. Senator from South Dakota, 1963-1981, and 1972 Democratic candidate for President of the United States.
McGovern discusses the working relationship between the U.S. Congress and President Richard M. Nixon's administration on domestic issues; Nixon and U.S. National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger's Vietnam War policy; the Nixon campaign's "southern strategy"; McGovern's meetings with North and South Vietnam leaders; U.S. prisoners-of-war in North Vietnam; McGovern's 1972 campaign for the U.S. Presidency; the Watergate scandal, and speculation on the motivations for the break-in of the Democratic National Headquarter's offices at the Watergate complex; accusations that the McGovern campaign had been funded by foreign interests, particularly the Republic of Cuba; advising Daniel Ellsberg to leak the Pentagon Papers; the Oval Office tapes; Richard Nixon's resignation of the office of President; President Gerald Ford's pardon of Richard Nixon; the 1972 Democratic National Convention; the selection of Missouri Senator Thomas Eagleton as Vice Presidential candidate, and his replacement for medical reasons; and Richard Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 4/8 Oral history interview with Richard Moore, 1993-12-03
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 3, 1993 ; recorded at Washington D.C.
Moore was special assistant to the U.S. Attorney General, 1970-1971, and special counsel to President Richard M. Nixon, 1971-1974.
Moore discusses Richard Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign; the selection of Republican Vice Presidential Candidate Spiro Agnew; William H. Rehnquist's nomination as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; U.S. Attorney General and Commitee to Reelect the President (CRP) Director John Mitchell; White House Counsel John Dean and White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; Pentagon Papers leak Daniel Ellsberg; the Watergate scandal; Richard Nixon's legacy; and Chief Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia John Sirica.
BOX-FOLDER 4/9 Oral history interview with Thomas Moorer, 1993-12-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 16, 1993 ; recorded at Alexandria, Virginia.
Moorer was Chief of Naval Operations for the U.S. Navy, 1967-1970, and Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1970-1974.
Moorer discusses U.S. National Security Council meetings in the President Richard M. Nixon administration; the worldwide alert of U.S. military forces in response to threats of Soviet intervention in the Arab-Israeli War of 1973; Nixon's diplomatic visit of the People's Republic of China; the December 1972 bombing of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; Nixon's Vietnam War policy; and anti-Vietnam War resistance in the United States.
BOX-FOLDER 4/10 Oral history interview with Robert Odle, Jr., 1993-11-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 16, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Odle was a staff assistant in the administration of President Richard M. Nixon , 1969-1971, Director of Administration for the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) in Richard Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign, 1971-1973, and Deputy Assistant Secretary and Acting Assistant Secretary in the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), 1973-1976.
Odle discusses his role as Staff Assistant to President Richard M. Nixon, working with Director of Communication for the Executive Branch Herb Klein; setting up the Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) for Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign; Richard Nixon's character; working in the White House; CRP staff, including Director John Mitchell, Deputy Director Jeb Magruder, General Counsel G. Gordon Liddy, and James McCord; and the Watergate scandal.
BOX-FOLDER 4/11 Oral history interview with Terrence O'Donnell, 1994-01-19
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 19, 1994 ; recorded at Washington (D.C.)
O'Donnell was an Air Force Captain detailed to the White House Office of Presidential Advance, 1972, Staff Assistant in the office of the White House Chief of Staff, 1972-1973, and Deputy Special Assistant to the President, Office of Presidential Appearances and Scheduling, 1973-1974.
O'Donnell discusses working with White House Appointments Secretary Dwight Chapin in the Advance Office during President Richard M. Nixon's 1972 reelection campaign; working as assistant to White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman; being switched to the White House scheduling office after Haldeman's resignation; the Watergate scandal; and Nixon's resignation from the office of President of the United States.
BOX-FOLDER 4/12 Oral history interview with David Packard, 1993-08-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on August 17, 1993 ; recorded at Palo Alto, California.
Packard was U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1969-1971.
Packard discusses working with U.S. President Richard M. Nixon, containment strategy and the Vietnam War, the Pentagon Papers, and the Arab-Israeli War of 1973.
BOX-FOLDER 4/13 Oral history interview with Howard Phillips, 1994-01-18
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 18, 1994 ; recorded at Vienna, Virginia.
Phillips was Deputy and Executive Director of the President's Council on Youth Opportunity in the President Richard M. Nixon administration, and Associate and Acting Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), 1973.
Phillips discusses working with U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew; the latter's nomination, character, and resignation; U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's domestic policies, and the ambiguity of the latter toward domestic issues; Nixon's politics as conservative rhetoric and liberal action; Phillips' organizing of Conservatives for the Removal of the President in 1974; National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger; White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; the identity of Watergate informant Deep Throat; and the Watergate scandal.
BOX-FOLDER 4/14 Oral history interview with Raymond Price, 1994-01-12
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 12, 1994 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Price was assistant to Richard M. Nixon, 1967-1969, Special Assistant and chief speechwriter to the President, 1969-1973, Special Consultant and chief speechwriter to the President , 1973-1974.
Price discusses Richard M. Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign, U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell, Vice President Spiro Agnew, efforts to combat voter fraud in the 1968 election, and President Nixon's working relationship with National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger. Prices gives speculation on the identity of Watergate informant Deep Throat, and the motivations for the Watergate break-in. Price further discusses White House Special Counsel Charles Colson, the Pentagon Papers and the media, the break-in of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office, the Oval Office tapes, the White House staff's legal defense in the Watergate prosecutions, Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, Washington Post reporters Bob woodward and Carl Bernstein, and Price's work on Nixon's resignation speech. Price discusses Nixon's domestic policies, including school desegregation, Nixon's relationship with the Washington establishment, and Nixon's legacy as President.
BOX-FOLDER 4/15 Oral history interview with Robert Reisner, 1993-11-17
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 17, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Reisner was a White House aide in the President Richard M. Nixon administration, and assistant to Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) Deputy Director Jeb Magruder.
Reisner discusses working for Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) Deputy Director Jeb Magruder on Richard M. Nixon's 1972 Presidential campaign; CRP General Counsel G. Gordon Liddy; CRP security operative James McCord; White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; CRP Director John Mitchell; the January 1972 meeting between Mitchell, Magruder, Liddy, and White House Counsel John Dean; CRP the day after the Watergate break-in; the various crises of October/November 1973, including Vice President Spiro Agnew's resignation, John Dean's guilty plea in the Watergate trial, the Arab-Israeli War, and the oil embargo by the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), and the firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox; and speculation as to who was the principal planner of the Watergate break-in.
BOX-FOLDER 4/16 Oral history interview with Susan Porter Rose, 1993-11-15
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 15, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Rose was Appointments Secretary to First Lady Pat Nixon.
Rose discusses First Lady Pat Nixon, President Richard M. Nixon, and the Nixon marriage.
BOX-FOLDER 4/17 Oral history interview with William Ruckelshaus, 1993-12-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on December 16, 1993 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Ruckelshaus was Assistant Attorney General in charge of the U.S. Justice Department's Civil Division, 1969-1970, first Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 1970-1973, Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 1973, and U.S. Deputy Attorney General, 1973; resigned the latter office rather than carry out the order from President Richard M. Nixon to fire Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox.
Ruckelshaus discusses President Richard M. Nixon's character; U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell; Mitchell's wife Martha Beall Mitchell; the resignation of Vice President Spiro Agnew and his replacement by Gerald Ford; the consquence of Nixon's firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox. Ruckelshaus speculates on the Oval Office tapes, Nixon's reasons for not destroying them, and the Supreme Court decision requiring they be turned over as state's evidence; Nixon's initial reactions to the Watergate scandal; and the pardoning of Nixon by President Gerald Ford. Ruckelshaus further discusses the events known as the Saturday Night Massacre, the firing of Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and of Ruckelshaus as Deputy Attorney General after their refusals to carry out the firing; Solicitor General Robert Bork's reasons for carrying out the order; and White House Chief of Staff Alexander Haig's communications to Ruckelshaus. Ruckelshaus comments on the proposed Stennis compromise, and the fairness of the size of the Watergate prosecutorial force to Nixon's legal defense team.
BOX-FOLDER 4/18 Oral history interview with Donald Rumsfeld, 1994-02-18
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 18, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Rumsfeld was Director of the U.S. Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), 1969-1970; Counselor to President Richard M. Nixon, 1970-1971, Director of the Economic Stabilization Program, 1971-1972, and U.S. Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1973-1974.
Rumsfeld discusses his early meetings with Richard M. Nixon; Rumsfeld's involvement in Nixon's 1968 Presidential campaign and transition; the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO); Nixon administration policies for implementing the War on Poverty (Economic Opportunity Act of 1964) and Great Society legislation; the caliber and backgrounds of Nixon administration staff; the nomination of Spiro Agnew as Republican Vice Presidential candidate in 1968; working as a member of the Cost of Living Council on the Economic Stabilization Program to implement wage and price controls; viewing the Watergate scandal as an outsider while in Europe with NATO; the Arab-Israeli War of 1973; working with President Gerald Ford on his transition team and as White House Chief of Staff; Ford's pardoning of Richard Nixon; and Nixon's political comeback and legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 4/19 Oral history interview with Kenneth Rush, 1993-10-23
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 23, 1993 ; recorded at Delray Beach, Florida.
Rush was Assistant Professor at Duke University Law School, 1936-1937, U.S. Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany, 1969-1972, Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1972-1973, Deputy Secretary of State, 1973-1974, interim U.S. Secretary of State, 1973, and U.S. Ambassador to France, 1974-1977.
Rush discusses instructing Richard Nixon at Duke University Law School; President Nixon and National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger's bypassing of the State Department bureaucracy in the running of major foreign policy initiatives; Nixon offering Rush the position of Counselor in charge of Watergate matters for the White House and Rush's refusal; the Arab-Israeli War of 1973; Prime Minister of Israel Golda Meir; Nixon's reputation among foreign powers; the Watergate scandal; and Richard Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 4/20 Oral history interview with William Rusher, 1993-09-20
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 20, 1993 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Rusher was vice president and publisher of the National Review magazine.
Rusher discusses an offer extended to him to become Special Counsel for President Richard M. Nixon to deal with the Watergate scandal; conservative response to Nixon's normalizing of diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China; richard Nixon's personality; Nixon's resignation as President of the United States; Wasington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, and U.S. District Court Judge John Sirica; and Richard Nixon's legacy.
BOX-FOLDER 4/21 Oral history interview with Donald Santarelli, 1994-02-02
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 2, 1994 ; recorded via telephone.
Santarelli was Associate Deputy Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice, 1969-1972, and Administrator of the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, 1973-1974.
Santarelli discusses U.S. President Richard M. Nixon's law enforcement policies, and philosophy of devolution to state and local governments; the role of U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell in the Nixon administration; White House Special Counsel Charles Colson; White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman; John Mitchell's wife Martha Mitchell; White House Counsel John Dean; staff members' management of President Nixon by "burying" bad ideas and initiatives, and Nixon's motivations for political "dirty tricks"; Committee to Reelect the President (CRP) General Counsel and Watergate break-in planner G. Gordon Liddy; Assistant Attorney General and FBI Director Pat Gray; and President Gerald Ford's pardon of Richard Nixon.
BOX-FOLDER 4/22 Oral history interview with William Saxbe, 1993-10-01
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 1, 1993 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Saxbe was U.S. Senator from Ohio, 1969-1974, and U.S. Attorney General, 1974-1975.
Saxbe discusses the difficulty of his working relationship with President Richard Nixon and the White House staff; the final days of the Nixon adminsitration; Nixon's resignation as President of the United States; and Nixon's legacy.
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