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Transcripts from the Gerald S. and Deborah H. Strober oral history collection, 1989-1996

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Transcripts of oral history interviews of the Ronald W. Reagan Presidency, 1995-1996 (continued)
Oral history interview with Pavel Palazhchenko, 1995-07-31 (continued)
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 31, 1995 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Palazhchenko was an interpreter for the Soviet General Secretary of the Communist Party Mikhail Gorbachev and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze.
Palazhchenko discusses British Prime Minster Margaret Thatcher and U.S. President Ronald Reagan; summit meetings between Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev; human rights issues in the Soviet Union; and the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
BOX-FOLDER 6/16 Oral history interview with Shimon Peres, 1996-07-29
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 29, 1996 ; recorded at Tel Aviv, Israel.
Peres was chairman of Israel's Labor Party, 1977-1992; Prime Minister of Israel, 1984-1986; Israeli Foreign Minister, 1986-1988; and deputy prime minister and finance minister, 1988-1990.
Peres discusses U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz; negotations with Iran to release American hostages; relations with U.S. President Ronald Reagan; the Iran-Contra Affair; and convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
BOX-FOLDER 6/17 Oral history interview with Richard Perle, 1996-06-04
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on June 4, 1996 ; recorded at Chevy Chase, Maryland.
Perle was U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, 1981-1987, and a member of the Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee, 1987-2004.
Perle discusses U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger; U.S. President Ronald Reagan's policy toward the Soviet Union, particularly his decision to put an end to cooperative toleration and instead pursue the collapse of the Communist system of government in that country; the rejection of the Cold War policy of Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) and its replacement with the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); the Reykjavik, Iceland summit meeting between Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev; and Chief of the General Staff of the Soviet Armed Forces Sergei Akhromeyev.
BOX-FOLDER 6/18 Oral history interview with Giandomenico Picco, 1996-03-06
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on March 6, 1996 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Picco was a political affairs officer in the United Nations' Office of the Under-Secretary for Special Political Affairs, beginning 1981, and subsequently Director and Assistant to the United Nations' Secretary-General for Special Assignment in the Executive Office of the Secretary-General. In the latter capacity he served as personal attache to Javier Perez de Cuellar, United Nations (U.N.) Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar.
Picco discusses the United States' relationship with Iran; the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War; moderate factions in Iran; the hostility of the U.S. President Ronald Reagan administration to the United Nations (U.N.); U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Jeanne Kirkpatrick; hostage-taking in the Middle East during the 1980's; and the Iran-Contra Affair and arms-for-hostages negotiations between the United States, Israel, and Iran.
BOX-FOLDER 6/19 Oral history interview with Nicholas Platt, 1996-02-27
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 27, 1996 ; recorded at New York City, New York.
Platt was U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs, 1981-1982, U.S. Ambassasor to Zambia, 1982-1984; executive secretary and special assistant to the U.S. Secretary of State, 1985-1987; and U.S. Ambassador to the Philippines, 1987-1991.
Platt discusses U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz; Philippines President Ferdinand Marcos; and U.S. foreign policies for Central America and the Soviet Union.
BOX-FOLDER 6/20 Oral history interview with John Poindexter, 1996-04-24
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on April 24, 1996 ; recorded at Rockville, Maryland.
Poindexter was an officer in the U.S. Navy, 1958-1986, rising to the rank of Vice Admiral; military assistant to U.S. President Ronald Reagan, 1981-1983; Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and chairman of the National Security Council's Crisis Pre-planning Group, and U.S. National Security Advisor, 1985-1986. He was convicted in 1990 on felony counts of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, perjury, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence, all in connection with his activities during the Iran-Contra Affair, but these were overturned in 1991 on grounds that Poindexter had been granted immunity in testifying before Congress in the Iran-Contra investigations.
Poindexter discusses U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig; the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada; reluctance of the U.S. military towards the Grenada and Lebanon interventions; the 1985 terrorist hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship; the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); U.S. President Ronald Reagan's concerns for American hostages in Lebanon; the Iran-Contra Affair and the arms-for-hostages negotiations between the U.S., Israel and Iran; National Security Council (NSC) staff member Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North; and Poindexter's approval of the diversion of funds in the Iran-Contra Affair and his taking responsibility as the senior official to have knowledge of the transfer.
BOX-FOLDER 6/21 Oral history interview with Colin Powell, 1996-05-30
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on May 30, 1996 ; recorded via telephone.
Powell was a U.S. Army Brigadier General serving at Fort Carson, Colorado, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas; Major General and military assistant to U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger; Lieutenant General and commander of U.S. Army V Corps in Germany, 1986; Deputy National Security Advisor, 1986-1987; and U.S. National Security Advisor, 1987-1989.
Powell discusses the professional animosity between U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz and U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger; the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada; the Contra rebels in Nicaragua; the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) and U.S. President Ronald Reagan's offer to the Soviet Union to share the technology; reshuffling of officials in Reagan's second Presidential administration; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/22 Oral history interview with Joan Quigley, 1995-09-24 , 1995-09-25
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 24-25, 1995 ; recorded at San Francisco, California.
Quigley was an astrologer who first made the acquaintance of Nancy Reagan in 1973 and began to be employed for astological advice by First Lady Reagan after the 1981 assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Quigley reputedly had some influence in determining President Reagan's daily schedule on matters of public appearances and diplomatic meetings. She was dismissed in 1988 following revelations by former White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan of Quigley's influence on First Lady Reagan.
Quigley discusses being introduced to Nancy Reagan in 1973 by talk show host Merv Griffin; Quigley's provision of astological advice during Ronald Reagan's 1976 and 1980 Presidential campaigns; her beginnings as a political astrologer; the 1981 assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan and Quigley's subsequent employment by First Lady Nancy Reagan to provide astrological advice; First Lady Reagan's popularity concerns; Quigley's influence over President Reagan's state schedule and policy decisions; President Reagan's controversial visit to Bitburg, Germany; planning the schedule for the arms control summit meetings between President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev; former White House Chief of Staff Donald Regan's discolosure of Quigley's influence on First Lady Reagan; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/23 Oral history interview with Kendrick Radix, 1995-09-03
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 3, 1995 ; recorded at Grenada.
Radix was a principal figure in the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) of Grenada which came to power in 1979 under Maurice Bishop's leadership. From 1979-1983, he functioned as Minister of Legal Affairs, Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ambassador to the United States, and numerous other capacities. He was imprisoned during the October 1983 coup that ousted Bishop's government, but subsequently escaped prison and found sanctuary in the Cuban embassy, gaining freedom following the U.S. invasion of Grenada.
Radix discusses the beginning of Grenada's New Jewel Movement under the leadership of Maurice Bishop, and the March 1979 coup against the government of Grenadian Prime Minister Eric Gairywhich established the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG); Radix's childhood; Radix's attempts to normalize relations with the United States in the wake of the PRG's establishment; the 1983 coup against Bishop's leadership by leftist radicals under Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard; Bishop's house arrest and execution; Radix's escape from imprisonment; the U.S. invasion of Grenada in which Coard's faction was overthrown; motivations claimed by the United States as justification for the invasion, including endangerment of American students in Grenada, containment of of Marxism in the Caribbean, and concern that Cuba was funding an international airport in Grenada for the purpose of staging military incursions; and the role of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and Dominican Prime Minister Eugenia Charles in courting U.S. intervention in Grenada.
BOX-FOLDER 6/24 Oral history interview with Michael Radix, 1995-09-02
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 2, 1995 ; recorded at Grenada.
Radix was a physician at Richmond Hill Prison in Grenada, and the brother of Kendrick Radix, a senior official in the People's Revolutionary Government of Grenada.
Radix discusses the origins of the socialist-leaning New Jewel Movement in Grenada, and its leader Maurice Bishop; the 1983 coup against Bishop, and his subsequent execution by the revolutionaries; and the aftermath of the U.S. intervention in Grenada.
BOX-FOLDER 6/25 Oral history interview with Michael Reagan, 1996-11-19
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 19, 1996 ; recorded at Sherman Oaks, California.
Reagan was the adopted son of U.S. President Ronald Reagan and actress Jane Wyman.
Reagan discusses growing up as the son of actor-politician Ronald Reagan; his father's entry into politics giving speeches on the television show General Electric Theater and endorsing Presidential candidate Barry Goldwater at the 1964 Republican national convention; Michael's relationship with his father; Ronald's 1976 and 1980 Presidential election campaigns; Ronald's character; Michael's stepmother First Lady Nancy Reagan; Ronald's Presidential administration; the assassination attempt on Ronald's life; and Ronald's diagnosis and struggle with Alzheimer's disease.
BOX-FOLDER 6/26 Oral history interview with Donald Regan, 1996-07-18
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 18, 1996 ; recorded via telephone.
Regan was U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, 1981-1985, and White House Chief of Staff, 1985-1987.
Regan discusses switching jobs with White House Chief of Staff James Baker, who took over Regan's position as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury in U.S. President Ronald Reagan's second administration; Regan's fatigue with running the Treasury Department; Reagan's controversial visit to Bitburg, West Germany; the Iran-Contra Affair; the influence of First Lady Nancy Reagan and her astrologer Joan Quigley on state activities; accusations that Regan had been behind Iran-Contra and his resignation in the wake of that scandal.
BOX-FOLDER 6/27 Oral history interview with Rozanne Ridgway, 1996-02-07
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 7, 1996 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Ridgway was U.S. Ambassador to the German Democratic Republic (i.e. East Germany), 1983-1985, special assistant to the U.S. Secretary of State for negotiations, in which capacity she acted as chief negotiator for all five of the arms control summit meetings between U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev, and Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs, 1985-1989. She was dismissed from her latter post in May 1989 by the President George H.W. Bush administration.
Ridgway discusses pro-negotation and pro-war factions within U.S. President Ronald Reagan's administration on the matter of Soviet policy; U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz and Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze; U.S. diplomatic pressure on the Soviet Union to address human rights issues; and the Reykjavik, Iceland and Moscow, Russia summit meetings between Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev.
BOX-FOLDER 6/28 Oral history interview with Richard Schifter, 1995-11-28
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on November 28, 1995 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Schifter was U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs, 1985-1992.
Schifter discusses U.S. President Ronald Reagan's anti-Communism; Pentecostal Christians in the Soviet Union; the Geneva, Switzerland and Washington, D.C. summit meetings between Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev; and Soviet concessions on human rights issues.
BOX-FOLDER 6/29 Oral history interview with Barry Schweid, 1995-10-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 26, 1995 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Schweid was U.S. State Department correspondent for the Associated Press.
Schweid discusses U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz; Shultz's dialogue with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO); character differences between Shultz and former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/30 Oral history interview with Paul Scoon, 1995-09-02
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 2, 1995 ; recorded at Grenada.
Scoon was Governor General of Grenada, 1978-1992. In 1979, when the New Jewel Movement came to power and established the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) of Grenada, Scoon was briefly arrested but soon allowed to remain as titular head of state and Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain's representative in the island nation. During the 1983 coup by a radical faction of the PRG that overthrew and executed Maurice Bishop, Scoon was again placed under house arrest. Following the U.S. invasion of Grenada, Scoon was recognized as legal ruler of the country and appointed a new democratic provisional government.
Scoon discusses the assertion that members of the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG) of Grenada were interested in exporting Communism thruout the Caribbean; PRG Leader Maurice Bishop; the 1983 coup against Bishop's leadership, and Bishop's execution; the U.S. invasion of Grenada that removed Bishop's usurpers from power; Scoon's rescue from house arrest by U.S. Navy SEa, Air and Land (SEAL) troops; American students in Grenada during the coup and invasion; and U.S. President Ronald Reagan's visit to Grenada subsequent to the invasion.
BOX-FOLDER 6/31 Oral history interview with Richard Secord, 1996-07-09 , 1996-07-15
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 9 and 15, 1996 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Secord was a U.S. Air Force officer, 1955-1983, retiring with the rank of Major General, and Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Near East, South Asia and Africa, 1981-1983. He then founded Stanford Technology Trading Group International (STTGI) in partnership with Iranian arms dealer Albert Hakim to facilitate arms sales from the U.S. to Iran in conjunction with the arms-for-hostages negotiations between the two countries. Profits from these sales were used by STTGI to provide arms to Contra rebels in Nicaragua. In 1989, Secord was charged with 12 felonies in conjunction with the Iran-Contra Affair and pled guilty to one count of false statements to Congress. This conviction was later overturned.
Secord discusses the 1981 sale of Airborne Warning And Control System (AWACS) planes by the U.S. to Saudi Arabia; Contra rebels in Nicaragua; Secord's recruitment by National Security Council (NSC) staff member Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North to assist in providing support for the Contras in excess of the limits imposed by the Congressional Boland Amendment; Secord's initial meeting with Iranian arms dealer Albert Hakim and his founding of Stanford Technology Trading Group International (STTGI) in partnership with the latter; the arms-for-hostages agreements between the United States and Iran; the Iran-Contra Affair; dealing with moderate Iranian leader Ali Akbar Hashimi Rafsanjani and his agents, codenamed the Nephew and the Monster; the creation of the Enterprise fund within STTGI to transfer arms sale profits to support for the Contras; and lawsuits over the remaining money within the fund.
BOX-FOLDER 6/32 Oral history interview with Judy Nir Shalom, circa 1995 or 1996
BOX-FOLDER 6/33 Oral history interview with Itzhak Shamir, 1995-07-02
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 2, 1995 ; recorded at Tel Aviv, Israel.
Shamir was Israeli Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1980-1983 and 1984-1986, Prime Minister of Israel, 1983-1984 and 1986-1992, Vice Prime Minister of Israel, 1984-1986, and acting Minister of the Interior, 1987-1988.
Shamir discusses U.S. President Ronald Reagan; U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz; Israel's war with Lebanon that began in 1982; the Arab-Israeli peace process; King Hussein of Jordan; Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres; U.S.-Israeli relations; and convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard.
BOX-FOLDER 6/34 Oral history interview with Harry Shlaudeman, 1996-01-23
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on January 23, 1996 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Shlaudeman was U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, 1980-1983; executive director of the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America, 1983-1984; U.S. Special Ambassador to Central America, 1984-1986, and U.S. Ambassador to Brazil, 1986-1989.
Shlaudeman discusses U.S. President Ronald Reagan's Central American policy; the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America chaired by Dr. Henry Kissinger; Shlaudeman's commission as special envo to Central America; the Sandinista government and the Contra rebels in Nicaragua; U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz's meeting with Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/35 Oral history interview with George Shultz, 1995-09-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 26, 1995 ; recorded at San Francisco, California.
Shultz was President of Bechtel Corporation, a major government contractor, 1974-1982, and U.S. Secretary of State, 1982-1989.
Shultz discusses his first meeting with U.S. President Ronald Reagan when the latter was Governor of California; Shultz's appointment as U.S. Secretary of State; working with Reagan; the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada; British objections to the intervention; the Reagan administration's Middle East policy and the Arab-Israeli peace process; Shultz's Central American policy; the conflict between the Sandinista government and Contra rebels in Nicaragua; U.S. Director of Central Intelligence William Casey, National Security Advisors Robert McFarlane and John Poindexter, and National Security Council (NSC) staff member Oliver North; the Iran-Contra Affair; U.S.-Soviet Union relations and negotiations; the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); and relations between Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev.
BOX-FOLDER 6/36 Oral history interview with Uri Simhoni, 1996-03-27
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on March 27, 1996 ; recorded at Tel Aviv, Israel.
Simhoni was a Major-General in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) and military attache for the Israeli delegations in the United States and Canada.
Simhoni discusses relations between the United States and Israel; the 1985 hijacking of the Achille Lauro cruise ship; convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard; U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger; Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon and the siege of Beirut during the 1982 Israeli-Lebanon War; the arms-for-hostages negotiations between the U.S., Israel and Iran; Israeli national security advisor Amiram Nir; U.S. National Security Council (NSC) staff member Oliver North; and U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
BOX-FOLDER 6/37 Oral history interview with Abraham D. Sofaer, 1995-09-26
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 26, 1995; recorded at Palo Alto, California.
Sofaer was Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, 1979-1985, and Legal Adviser for the U.S. Department of State, 1985-1990.
Sofaer discusses the presence of Jewish officials in the administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan, and anti-Semitism in the Republican party; Sofaer's recruitment by U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz to be legal adviser for the State Department; journalist Nicholas Daniloff's arrest in the Soviet Union on charges of spying; convicted Israeli spy Jonathan Jay Pollard; the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); Lawrence Walsh, the Independent Counsel appointed to investigate the Iran-Contra Affair; Director of Central Intelligence William Casey's alleged deathbed confession to journalist Bob Woodward; Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega; and Sofaer and Shultz's efforts to prevent a coverup of the Iran-Contra scandal.
BOX-FOLDER 6/38 Oral history interview with Stuart Spencer, 1996-06-28
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on June 28, 1996 ; recorded at San Francisco, California.
Spencer was cofounder of political consultancy firm Spencer-Roberts, which was hired to run Ronald Reagan's 1966 and 1970 California gubernatorial campaigns and 1980 and 1984 U.S. Presidential election campaigns.
Spencer discusses managing Ronald Reagan's 1966 and 1970 California gubernatorial campaigns; managing U.S. President Gerald Ford's 1976 reelection campaign; Reagan's 1980 Presidential election campaign; Ronald's wife Nancy Reagan's role in the campaign; selecting a Vice Presidential running mate; Reagan's foreign policy agenda as President; senior Reagan campaign and administration aides and officials, including Edward Meese, James Baker, Donald Regan, George Shultz, and Caspar Weinberger; the running of the White House in the Reagan administration; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/39 Oral history interview with Abraham Tamir, 1996-03-24
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on March 24, 1996; recorded at Ramat Aviv, Israel.
Tamir was an officer in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF), 1948-1983, retiring as a General; Director-General of the Prime Minister's Office and national security advisor in the administration of Israeli Prime Minister Shimon Peres; and Director-General of the Israeli Foreign Ministry.
Tamir discusses U.S. President Ronald Reagan's plan for the Middle East peace process; King Hussein of Jordan's overtures for peaceful administration of the West Bank territories; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/40 Oral history interview with Sergei Tarasenko, 1996-10-09
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on October 9, 1996 ; recorded via telephone.
Tarasenko was deputy director of the U.S. desk at the Foreign Ministry of the Soviet Union, and private assistant and chief of staff to Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze.
Tarasenko discusses the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI); the Reykjavik, Iceland summit meeting between U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev; U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz; American journalist Nicholas Daniloff, who was arrested for spying against the Soviet Union; Soviet policy in Central America and Grenada; and the collpase of the Soviet Union.
BOX-FOLDER 6/41 Oral history interview with Howard Teicher, 1996-07-09
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 9, 1996 ; recorded at Washington, D.C.
Teicher was a staff member to the U.S. National Security Council (NSC) with responsibilities for the Middle East and for Political-Military Affairs, 1982-1987. In June 1982, Teicher co-authored a National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) issued by U.S. President Ronald Reagan that directed that the U.S. would provide Iraq with whatever support was necessary to prevent its losing the Iran-Iraq War.
Teicher discusses U.S. intervention to support the withdrawal of Palestinian fighters from southern Lebanon in 1982-1983; obstructionism by U.S. Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger; the bombing of the U.S. Marine Barracks in Beirut, Lebanon;and the hijacking of the cruise ship Achille Lauro.
BOX-FOLDER 6/42 Oral history interview with Edward Teller, 1996-06-28
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on June 28, 1996 ; recorded at Stanford, California.
Teller was a nuclear physicist who worked on the Manhattan Project to develop the fission bomb during the Second World War. He was subsequently a project leader in the development of the fusion bomb, and is commonly referred to as the "father of the hydrogen bomb"; cofounder and staff physicist of the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, including a stint as Director, 1958-1960; professor of physics at the University of California and founder of the Department of Applied Science at University of California, Davis; Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution; and a member of U.S. President Ronald Reagan's scientific advisory board on strategic missile defense, in which capacity Teller served as a major advocate of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
Teller discusses meeting California Governor Ronald Reagan while the latter came to visit the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory; the dismissal of U.S. President Reagan's circle of advisors by the succeeding administration of President George H. W. Bush; Reagan's interest in nuclear missile defense programs; and the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
BOX-FOLDER 6/43 Oral history interview with Cal Thomas, 1996-07-16
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on July 16, 1996 ; recorded at Alexandria, Virginia.
Thomas was vice president of the Moral Majority, an evangelical Christian political lobbying group, from 1980-1985, and a columnist for the Los Angeles Times Syndicate after 1984.
Thomas discusses the founding of lobbying group The Moral Majority, and the organization's relationship with U.S. President Ronald Reagan and his administration; the Moral Majority's dissatisfaction with slow progress on pushing through their political agendas; the "Morning in America" political ad used by Reagan's 1984 reelection campaign; Vice President George H. W. Bush; the dissolution of the Moral Majority; and the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/44 Oral history interview with Victor Hugo Tinoco, 1995-09-06
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on September 6, 1995 ; recorded at Managua, Nicaragua.
Tinoco was vice minister of foreign affairs under the Sandinista government of Nicaragua, from approximately 1981-1990.
Tinoco discusses the 1979 Nicaraguan revolution that overthrew the U.S. backed dictator and put the Sandinista faction in power; the principles of the Sandinistas, and Tinoco's own motivations for joining the Sandinista movement; the opposition of U.S. President Ronald Reagan's administration to socialist movements in the Western hemisphere and to Nicaragua in particular; the negotiations in Manzanillo, Mexico between the United States and Nicaragua; U.S. Secretary of State George Pratt Shultz; the 1984 Nicaraguan elections; the Contra rebels who opposed the Sandanista led government; and the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada.
BOX-FOLDER 6/45 Oral history interview with John Vessey, 1996-02-08
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on February 8, 1996 ; recorded at Arlington, Virginia.
Vessey was an enlisted man and officer in the U.S. Army, 1939-1985, ranking as General from 1976; U.S. Army Vice Chief of Staff, 1979-1982; and Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1982-1985.
Vessey discusses his appointment as Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff by President Ronald Reagan; Reagan's expansion of military spending; the 1983 U.S. intervention in Grenada; U.S. intervention in Lebanon; and the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
BOX-FOLDER 6/46 Oral history interview with Lawrence Walsh, 1996-04-13
Interview conducted by Deborah Hart Strober and Gerald S. Strober on April 13, 1996 ; recorded via telephone.
Walsh was an attorney with the law firm of Crowe and Dunlevy after 1981, and the Independent Counsel appointed to investigate the Iran-Contra Affair, 1986-1994.
Walsh discusses the Tower Commission appointed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan's administration to investigate the Iran-Contra Affair; the U.S. Joint Committee of Congress on Iran-Contra; Walsh's own investigation of the Iran-Contra Affair as Independent Counsel; and Vice President George H. W. Bush's role in the Iran-Contra Affair.
BOX-FOLDER 6/47 Oral history interview with James Watt, 1996-05-28
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