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NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund records, 1915-1968

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ContainerContents
BOX OV 1-OV 12 Oversize, 1950-1968
Maps, charts, posters, and voting and population records.
Organized and described according to the series, box, and folder from which the item was removed.
BOX OV 1 Office File
Marshall, Thurgood
Speaking engagements
Broadside for event featuring Marshall at Fifth Street Baptist Church, Richmond, Va., 1954 (Container 22, folder 2)
Shagaloff, June
Schools
Delaware
School data
Miscellaneous maps and charts, 1953 1955 (Container 35, folder 11)
Subject File
Discrimination
Parks
Creve Coeur, Mo., map, 1950 (Container 79, folder 1)
Schools
States
New Jersey
Englewood
Maps, City of Englewood Election District and Street Number, 1938, 6 items, annotated, 1953-1954 (Container 137, folder 6)
New York
Miscellany
Maps, Utilization of Schools in the Boroughs of Richmond, The Bronx, 2 items, 1954 (Container 139, folder 7)
North Carolina
Miscellany
Map, City of Winston-Salem, annotated, 1957 (Container 140, folder 9)
Pennsylvania
West Chester
Map, Borough of West Chester, annotated to indicate zone lines of elementary schools, 1955 (Container 141, folder 9)
Willow Grove
Map, Zoning for Township of Abington, Montgomery Co., Pa., adopted as part of Ordinance no. 643, Approved Dec. 8, 1949, revised May 1951 (Container 141, folder 10)
Wallace, Fred, Voter Education Project
Poster, "Poor People's Campaign 1968," Southern Christian Leadership Conference (Container 175, folder 3)
BOX OV 2 Legal Case File
Gray v. Main (elections, Ala.)
Background material
Voting and population records, Barbour, Bullock, Greene, and Macon counties, 1961-1966
Photocopies (Container 214)
Box 1
BOX OV 3 Box 2
BOX OV 4 Box 3
BOX OV 5 Box 4
BOX OV 6 Box 5
BOX OV 7 Box 6
BOX OV 8 Box 7
BOX OV 9 Box 8
BOX OV 10 Box 9
BOX OV 11 Box 10
BOX OV 12 Box 11
Index of Legal Cases by Category and State
ARMED FORCES
The Truman administration adopted a policy in 1948 of "equality of treatment and opportunity" in a plan which called for racial integration of the United States armed forces by 1954. The Korean War accelerated the process so that integration was to be implemented by 1952. However, the NAACP continued to receive and investigate complaints of bias relating to assignments, promotion, discipline, or the administration of military justice. Furthermore, integration was much slower in reserve units, and few African Americans received Reserve Officer Training Corps scholarship awards. Finally, the fund challenged lingering segregation in schools, housing, and other collateral activities on military bases.
Guam
Burns v. Wilson, 1952
New York
Lawton v. Dewey, undated
Pennsylvania
Tomlinson v. Selective Serv. Draft Bd., 1948
Korean and World War II court martial records, 1943-1952
CIVIL RIGHTS PROTEST DEMONSTRATIONS
By 1960, court cases and integration efforts were sometimes accompanied by forms of social protest such as sit-ins and group marches. Demonstrators were often arrested for breach of peace or trespassing and some were defended by the fund.
Alabama
Alabama v. Allen, 1964-1965
Alabama v. Gray, 1964
Alabama v. Hanson, 1963
Alabama v. Robinson, 1963
Banks v. Alabama, 1963-1964
Carter v. City of Birmingham, 1965
Clemons v. Alabama, 1964
Cruikshank v. Alabama, 1964
Fowlkes v. Alabama, 1964
Johnson v. Alabama, 1964
Shelton v. Alabama, 1964
Smith v. Alabama, 1963 1964
Thomas v. City of Birmingham, 1963
Webster v. City of Birmingham, 1963-1965
California
Hughes v. Lucky Stores, Inc., 1948
Louisiana
Byrd v. City of New Orleans, 1948
Diamond v. Louisiana, 1962-1964
Maryland
Maryland v. Askin, 1948
North Carolina
Avent v. North Carolina, 1962
North Carolina v. Williams, 1960
South Carolina
City of Darlington v. Stanley, 1960-1961
CRIMINAL LAW
The fund litigated cases in which a defendant claimed denial of due process because of racial discrimination. Usually these cases raised questions about jury selection, coerced confessions, competent legal representation, and unfair sentencing. Some cases involved lynchings; others concerned police misconduct and racial segregation in prisons.
Alabama
Alabama v. Fikes, 1953
Arrington v. Alabama, 1949-1950
Fikes v. Alabama, 1953-1956
Hamilton v. Alabama, 1964
Huff v. Alabama, 1957
Middlebrooks v. City of Birmingham, 1964
Reeves v. Alabama, 1953-1957
California
Civil Rights Congress of the City and County of San Francisco v. Warren, 1950
Hardyman v. Collins, 1950
In re Middlebrooks, undated
Nichols v. McGee, 1957
Connecticut
Connecticut v. Higgs, 1953-1955
United States ex rel. Rogers v. Cummings, 1956
Florida
Florida v. Jordan, 1951
Furlow v. Florida, 1965
Irvin v. Florida, 1953
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