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Visual materials from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records (Library of Congress)

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LOT 13087 Public Signs Expressing Jim Crow Policies and Other Derogatory Sentiments, 1943- ca. 1960.
Includes two snapshots of a roadside advertisement in Vinita, Okla., reading “Eat nigger chicken” that were sent to the NAACP by J. Richardson Jones along with a letter explaining why the photos were taken; two photos of various discriminatory signs in a trash can, one photo with a letter 'X' painted across the image. One photo of a soft drink dispenser for white customers only. 4 photographic prints; 2 prints.
Discriminatory signs, interior and exterior
LOT 13087, nos. 1-6 (F)
LOT 13088 Schools and Activities to Eliminate Segregation in Public Education at the College and Secondary Levels, 1921-1961, bulk 1942-1957.
Emphasis is on buildings, facilities, and students at African American schools, colleges, and universities. Lincoln University, Wayne State, and Wilberforce are represented. Includes photos comparing schools for African Americans with those for whites and group portraits of graduating classes; some photos of defendants in school and college desegregation cases, including Donald Gaines Murray (University of Maryland), Autherine Lucy (University of Alabama), Henry Doyle and Heman Sweatt (University of Texas), Ada Lois Sipuel and G.W. McLaurin (University of Oklahoma); some photos show civil disturbances at schools attempting integration in the late 1950s, including some of Central High School, Little Rock, Ark.; one photo shows Daisy Bates with the “Little Rock Nine.” Includes NAACP youth protesting segregation at Texas State University, and college students marching in support of the Austin-Mahoney Bill. One photo of Billie Holiday with school children from Merriam, Kans. NAACP staff depicted include Daisy Bates, Oliver Hill, Ruby Hurley, and Thurgood Marshall. Includes several photos of Carl Van Vechten and Georgia O'Keeffe on the campus of Fisk University. 222 photographic prints; 23 photomechanical prints. Organized into eight subject categories: Desegregation cases; Integrated schools and colleges; Protest, secondary and college; African American schools; White schools and students; Unidentified school buildings; Universities and colleges; Miscellaneous. Arranged chronologically or alphabetically within each category.
Desegregation cases
College, 1938-1948
LOT 13088, nos. 1-10 (F)
Autherine Lucy, 1956
LOT 13088, nos. 11-16 (F)
Secondary, 1943-ca. 1960
LOT 13088, nos. 17-40 (F)
Integrated schools and colleges, 1948-1957
LOT 13088, nos. 41-52 (F)
Protest, secondary and college, 1939-1961
LOT 13088, nos. 53-74 (F)
African American schools, 1921-ca. 1950
LOT 13088, nos. 75-117 (F)
White schools and students, ca. 1940-ca. 1950
LOT 13088, nos. 118-121 (F)
Unidentified school buildings
LOT 13088, nos. 122-128 (F)
Universities and colleges
American University, Washington, D.C.
LOT 13088, nos. 129-131 (F)
Atlanta University, Atlanta, Ga.
LOT 13088, no. 132 (F)
Baylor University, Waco, Tex.
LOT 13088, nos. 133-134 (F)
Bowie State College, Bowie, Md.
LOT 13088, nos. 135-136 (F)
Clark College, Atlanta, Ga.
LOT 13088, nos. 137-138 (F)
Fisk University, Nashville, Tenn.
LOT 13088, nos. 139-147 (F)
Florida A & M University, Tallahassee, Fla.
LOT 13088, no. 148 (F)
Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va.
LOT 13088, nos. 149-150 (F)
Lane College, Jackson, Tenn.
LOT 13088, nos. 151 (F)
Lincoln University, Lincoln University, Pa.
LOT 13088, nos. 152-161 (F)
Maryland State College, Princes Anne, Md.
LOT 13088, nos. 162-164 (F)
Morgan State University, Baltimore, Md.
LOT 13088, no. 165 (F)
University of Maryland, College Park, Md.
LOT 13088, nos. 166-168 (F)
Tuskegee Institute, Tuskegee Institute, Ala. (no. 169, no. 171, and no. 172 are in color)
LOT 13088, nos. 169-176 (F)
Virginia Union University, Richmond, Va.
LOT 13088, nos. 177-178 (F)
Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich.
LOT 13088, nos. 179-187 (F)
West Virginia State College, Institute, W.Va.
LOT 13088, nos. 188-189 (F)
Wilberforce University, Wilberforce, Ohio
LOT 13088, nos. 190-211 (F)
LOT 13088, nos 212-229 (F)
LOT 13089 African Americans in Business, Government, Public Service, and Labor, 1938-1964, bulk 1940-1948.
Photos show African American workers posed for group portraits, receiving awards, and in work related activities. Occupations represented include nurses, doctors, laborers, clerks, and retail management trainees. Includes Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) photos documenting integration of African Americans into the work force; National Youth Administration photos show youth learning various trades; many publicity photos of scientists and administrators employed by the Department of Agriculture; some photos of tobacco workers striking; a few photos of workers in San Francisco, Calif., and Pontiac, Mich., protesting employment discrimination. NAACP staff represented in a few photos: Clarence Mitchell, Walter White, and Roy Wilkins. 95 photographic prints; 1 print. Organized into eight subject categories: African Americans employed at the Department of Agriculture; African Americans in professional occupations; Discrimination; Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC); Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) in New York, N.Y.; National Youth Administration, vocational training program; Protests; Strikes.
African Americans employed at the Department of Agriculture, ca. 1940-ca. 1950
LOT 13089, nos. 1-18 (F)
African Americans in professional occupations
ca. 1943-1950
LOT 13089, nos. 19-48 (F)
CCNY Mid-town Business Center
LOT 13089, nos. 49-54 (F)
Discrimination, 1946-1947
LOT 13089, nos. 55-57 (F)
Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC)
LOT 13089, nos. 58-65 (F)
Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) in New York, N.Y.
LOT 13089, nos. 66-72 (F)
National Youth Administration, vocational training program
LOT 13089, nos. 73-80 (F)
LOT 13089, nos. 81-89 (F)
LOT 13089, nos. 90-95 (F)
LOT 13090 Health Services and Public Health Facilities Available to African Americans, 1946- ca. 1950.
Includes photos of tuberculosis screening at a Harlem Health Center; photos and text about a proposed public health and rehabilitation center dedicated as a living war memorial; fundraising activities for Sydenham Hospital in New York, a proposed “interracial volunteer hospital.” Includes one photo of a child with sores or scars on her face and a one photo of assembly workers in a pharmaceutical plant. 15 photographic prints; 3 photomechanical prints. Organized into three subject categories: General; Hall of Health, War, and Peace; Sydenham Hospital.
General, 1948-ca. 1950
LOT 13090, nos. 1-7 (F)
Hall of Health, War, and Peace
LOT 13090, nos. 8-14A (F)
Sydenham Hospital
LOT 13090, nos. 15-20 (F)
LOT 13091 Urban and Rural Housing for African Americans, ca. 1911-1960.
Emphasis is on single-family houses and integrated developments in cities and rural areas in the Southern and Northeastern United States. Includes low-income housing projects in Brooklyn, N.Y.; Boston, Mass.; Chicago, Ill.; Cleveland, Ohio; Greenbelt, Md.; New York, N.Y., and Watts (Los Angeles, Calif.). Some photos show white resistance to integration in their neighborhoods, including a photo of a house with a sign declaring “This house is not for sale.” Includes miscellaneous unidentified rowhouses and a few home interiors. 63 photographic prints; 4 prints. Organized into four subject categories: Demonstrations against integrated housing; Poor housing conditions; Public housing; Miscellaneous oversize.
Demonstrations against integrated housing, 1951-1958
LOT 13091, nos. 1-10 (F)
Poor housing conditions, ca. 1937-1960
LOT 13091, nos. 11-26 (F)
Public and single family housing, ca. 1928-1960
LOT 13091, nos. 27-58 (F)
Miscellaneous oversize
LOT 13091, nos. 59-63 (H)
LOT 13092 Ku Klux Klan Activities, 1926-ca. 1957.
Photos show destruction and defacing of personal property, cross burnings, church and house bombings by Ku Klux Klan in Montgomery, Ala.; Shreveport, La.; Groveland, Fla.; and Egg Harbor City, N.J. One postcard photo showing storm damage to a KKK building in Miami, Fla., taken ca. 1926. Ku Klux Klan May Day parade in Prague; Klan rallies in Swainsboro, Ga., and Visalia, Calif., and other unidentified locations. One photo depicting a Nazi party rally in an unidentified location; two snapshots of a Klan “motorcade” to Stone Mountain, Ga., taken in 1956 at Union City, Ga. 18 photographic prints.
Bombings, rallies, motorcades, etc.
LOT 13092, nos. 1-18 (F)
LOT 13093 Anti-lynching Campaign Activities and Victims of Beatings and Lynchings, 1916-1964.
Students and branch members demonstrating against lynching; snapshots of William Hastie and Walter White with Congressmen Joseph Gavagan and Raymond McKeough lobbying for anti-lynching legislation in Washington, D.C.; a flag displayed from NAACP headquarters window with the words “A MAN WAS LYNCHED YESTERDAY”; portraits of lynch victims and lynch mobs; some photos of victims' families, including Emmett Till and his mother, Mamie Bradley; one group portrait of the mothers of slain civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner. Includes reproductions of sculptures and artwork depicting lynch victims. One photo of a Virginia highway sign with text explaining the origin of the lynch law. Additional NAACP staff depicted include Medgar Evers, Daisy Lampkin, and Roy Wilkins. 98 photographic prints; 3 photomechanical prints. Organized into four subject categories: Anti-lynching legislation/demonstrations; Lynching victims and families; Victims of brutality; Miscellaneous.
Anti-lynching legislation/demonstrations, 1934-1950
LOT 13093, nos. 1-27 (F)
Lynching victims and families, 1916-1964
LOT 13093, nos. 28-69 (F)
Victims of brutality, 1945-ca. 1950
LOT 13093, nos. 70-95 (F)
LOT 13093, nos. 96-100 (F)
Miscellaneous oversize
LOT 13093, no. 101 (H)
LOT 13094 Segregated and Integrated Public Facilities, 1920-1964, bulk 1944-1950.
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