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Visual materials from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People records (Library of Congress)

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MILITARY SERVICES, 1914-1955 (continued)
African Americans in the Army Corps, during World War II, 1938-1952, bulk 1943-1945.
Call No.: LOT 13106 (F)
Photos show soldiers stationed at bases and training camps in the United States and abroad. Subjects include soldiers receiving military decorations, training exercises, and work activities, such as constructing an air field in England, transporting supplies with the Transportation Corps, Port Battalion at the New York Port of Embarkation, repairing equipment and automobile engines. Some photos show soldiers at church services, reading, or involved in other leisure activities. Many photos of organized sports events including a track and field competition in Louisiana and Joe Louis in a boxing exhibition for the 5th Army in Italy; some group portraits of basketball teams. Units represented include an artillery battalion with the 8th Army in Japan; the Aviation Engineer Construction Battalion in England; several photos of the 93rd Infantry with combat teams on Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea); the Quartermaster Corps; the Transportation Corps; the 92nd Infantry Division on maneuvers with the 5th Army in Italy; and the 94th Engineer Construction Battalion working on "Exercise Swarmer" in North Carolina, April 1950. Includes one photo of African American troops guarding German POWs in France, a photo of a victory parade in New York, N.Y., celebrating the return of the 332nd African American Fighter Group (Tuskegee Airmen). Prominent people represented include General Eisenhower talking with an African American private at an unidentified location on the Western Front; Benjamin O. Davis, Sr., being awarded Distinguished Service and Legion of Honor medals and shown with the 369th Artillery Regiment of the New York National Guard (NYNG), which he commanded in 1938. Includes individual portraits of soldiers and officers and some group portraits of companies. 289 photographic prints. Organized into ten subject categories: General activities; Japan, 8th Army; Military decorations; Swarmer; Port battalions; Portraits; Recreational activities; Theater of operations; Training; 369th Artillery Regiment, New York National Guard (NYNG).
General activities, 1944-1952
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 1-20 (F)
Japan, 8th Army, 1948-1949
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 21-29 (F)
Military decorations, 1943-1952
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 30-53 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 54-60 (F)
Port battalions, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 61-73 (F)
Portraits, 1942-1962
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 74-112 (F)
Recreational activities
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 113-154 (F)
Theater of operations
Australia, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 155-158 (F)
Belgium, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, no. 159 (F)
Burma India, 1945
Call No.: LOT 13106, no. 160-170 (F)
England, 1943-1946
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 171-195 (F)
Bougainville Island (Papua New Guinea), 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 198-203 (F)
France, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 196, 197, 204-218 (F)
Germany, 1945
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 219-221 (F)
Italy, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 222-236 (F)
Luxemburg, 1944
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 237-238 (F)
South Pacific, 1944-1945
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 239-244 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 245-271 (F)
369th Artillery Regiment, New York National Guard (NYNG)
Call No.: LOT 13106, nos. 272-289 (F)
African Americans in the Coast Guard, during World War II, 1942-1945.
Call No.: LOT 13107 (F)
Two photos show coastguardsmen at Pea Island Coast Guard Station working with a surfboat and a signalman sending a message; three portraits of coastguardsmen John W. Banks of Atlanta, Ga.; Willie Brown of Newark, N.J.; and Fred D. Campbell of Chadbourn, N.C. 5 photographic prints.
Coast Guard
Call No.: LOT 13107, nos. 1-5 (F)
LOT 13108: LOT number not used
African Americans in the Marines, during World War II, 1943.
Call No.: LOT 13109 (F)
Photos show new recruits in combat training at Camp Lejuene, N.C.; recruits at drills or receiving medical exams; portraits of marine officer candidates enrolled at the Marine Training School, Quantico, Va.; portraits of Marine journalists, a boxer, and a track athlete; Private Jeff Smith receiving the Purple Heart; one photo of a Marine singing quintet. 16 photographic prints.
Call No.: LOT 13109, nos. 1-16 (F)
African American Soldiers and Women Civilians Participating in Activities and Services of the American Red Cross, United Service Organizations, and Theater Special Services, during World War II, 1943-1951, bulk 1943-1946.
Call No.: LOT 13110 (F)
Photos (several on postcard mounts) show soldiers and nurses in various leisure activities at Red Cross service clubs and "clubhouses" in London, England; Leghorn, Italy; the South Pacific; and the United States. Includes some portraits of nurses and Red Cross directors; leisure activities and entertainment at USO service clubs in the United States, many of which show USO hostesses engaged in casual conversation or in social activities with soldiers. Includes a group portrait of a Salvation Army interracial women's club and social activities sponsored by the Theater Special Services. Prominent people represented in USO photos include Canada Lee and Raymond Massey performing a radio broadcast at an NBC studio; Charles Laughton at a camp show at Fort Lawton, Wash.; Alan Ladd visiting soldiers at a Station Hospital in Kearns, Utah; Jackie Robinson at a USO club in Daytona Beach, Fla. 58 photographic prints. Organized into five subject categories: Red Cross, Salvation Army; ca. 1945; Theater Special Services; USO; Miscellaneous or unidentified.
Red Cross, 1943-ca. 1951
Call No.: LOT 13110, nos. 1-20 (F)
Salvation Army, ca. 1945
Call No.: LOT 13110, nos. 21-23 (F)
Theater Special Services, ca. 1943
Call No.: LOT 13110, nos. 24-33 (F)
USO, 1943-1946
Call No.: LOT 13110, nos. 34-56 (F)
Miscellaneous or unidentified, 1943, 1946
Call No.: LOT 13110, nos. 57-58 (F)
African Americans in the Navy, 1942-1955, bulk 1942-1949.
Call No.: LOT 13111 (F)
Photos show seamen performing work duties, leisure activities, training, and drilling on board naval vessels and at bases in Norfolk, Va.; Camp Robert Smalls, Great Lakes, Ill.; Hampton Institute, Hampton, Va.; and locations in Hawaii and Guam. Includes African American cadets in integrated classroom and training activities at the U.S. Naval Academy. Includes some photos of seamen in recreational activities--church services, reading, letter writing. Includes a photo of Joe Louis in a boxing exhibition at a USN base in North Africa. Two photos of sailors and civilians at an integrated dance sponsored by "messmen on the USS McCawley." Includes photos of Navy Seabees constructing bunk beds; one photo of Seabee Marvin P. Smith, a New York City photographer, pictured with a film camera at a Naval photography training school. Portraits of enlisted men and officers, including the first African American Navy Lieutenant Edward Swain Hope; Jesse Leroy Brown, the first African American to receive wings from the Naval Aviation Cadet program; and Dorie Miller receiving the Navy Cross from Admiral Chester W. Nimitz at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, 1942. Other prominent people represented include Walter White (visiting an unidentified military base), Lester Granger (with officers at Pearl Harbor), and Hampton Institute President Dr. Malcolm S. MacLean. 111 photographic prints. Organized into eight subject categories: General activities; Military decorations; Portraits; Recreational activities; Reserves; Seabees; Training; U.S. Naval Academy.
General activities
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 1-16 (F)
Military decorations
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 17-24 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 25-53 (F)
Recreational activities
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 54-65 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 66-74 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 75-83 (F)
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 84-99 (F)
U.S. Naval Academy
Call No.: LOT 13111, nos. 100-111 (F)
African, Brazilian, and West Indian Soldiers Serving with International Forces, during World War II, 1943-ca. 1945.
Call No.: LOT 13112 (F)
Includes photos of East African troops training and at leisure, in Ceylon, and in active duty in Burma; two views of West African soldiers in India and in Burma; West Indian soldiers training in England. Includes a few photos of women recruits. Also includes two photos of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force--en route to England and in Italy. Some individual and group portraits. 44 photographic prints; 1 photomechanical print.
Non-U.S. military, 1943-ca. 1945
Call No.: LOT 13112, nos. 1-45 (F)
African American War Veterans, 1944-1952.
Call No.: LOT 13113 (F)
Photos show disabled veterans making "Buddy Poppies" for a charity sale at a New Jersey hospital and patients at veterans hospitals in Virginia, and Washington, D.C. Includes one photo of NAACP civil rights attorney, Jack Greenberg, with client Frank S. Cole, who was exonerated of mutiny charges filed against him during the war; one photo of a 96-year-old Spanish American War veteran. 8 photographic prints; 1 photomechanical print.
Call No.: LOT 13113, nos. 1-9 (F)
War Film Stills and Other Miscellaneous Military Subjects, 1914-1949.
Call No.: LOT 13114 (F)
Stills from "Victory Loan Program" films: Bonds of Victory, The Fleet That Came To Stay, Stilwell Road, Target--Invisible, and To Win the Peace; some photos of U.S. soldiers, stationed in England and awaiting repatriation, taking courses in British agriculture; portrait of Bert Williams taken during his service with the 15th Regiment, New York National Guard (NYNG), 1914; one photo of General Pershing standing before the 10th Cavalry at Fort Myer, Va., in 1932. 38 photographic prints; 1 print.
General (no. 39 is in color)
Call No.: LOT 13114, nos. 1-39 (F)
Photographs and other visual materials that do not appear to relate to any of the above series or that lack sufficient identification to assign to a specific series. Included here are personal snapshot photos that belonged to Roy Wilkins. Although some of the individual images may relate to specific campaigns, groups are kept together to preserve their provenance.
Domestic Scenes, ca. 1948.
Call No.: LOT 13115 (F)
Views of women in domestic settings: bottle feeding infants (using disposable bottles) and cooking. Includes one photo of the "Shellie Nurser" kit showing pre-sterilized collapsible and disposable bottles. 5 photographic prints.
Call No.: LOT 13115, nos. 1-5 (F)
Arkansas Flood Areas and Residents, 1937 and 1941.
Call No.: LOT 13116 (F)
Scenes of Arkansas flood area and residents, showing half-submerged houses and buildings, telephone poles, streets; several photographs show children playing in the flood waters. One photograph shows an African American woman, her four children, and a dog--flood victims--in a box car near Elaine, Ark. 12 photographic prints.
1937, 1941
Call No.: LOT 13116, nos. 1-12 (F)
Florida Legislative Committee Investigation of the NAACP, 1957.
Call No.: LOT 13117 (F)
Informal portraits of groups and individuals relating to a Florida committee's investigation of the NAACP. Includes one photo of a U.S. post office. Includes one envelope addressed to Henry L. Moon, NAACP director of public relations (sent from Tampa, Fla., 11 Feb. 1957). 12 photographic prints.
Call No.: LOT 13117, nos. 1-13 (F)
Scenes of Interracial Relations, ca. 1950-ca. 1960.
Call No.: LOT 13118 (F)
Scenes showing interracial groups of all ages participating in various activities: art and dance classes, choirs, sports activities, family dinners, etc.--in the United States and in Germany. 16 photographic prints; 1 photomechanical print.
ca. 1950-ca. 1960
Call No.: LOT 13118, nos. 1-17 (F)
Roy Wilkins' Personal Snapshots, 1920-1938.
Call No.: LOT 13119 (F)
Winter scenes of flood area, victims, and relief at Paducah and Louisville, Ky., and at Memphis, Ark.--documenting the flooding of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Photos of tent camps, levees, and flood-damaged buildings. Includes snapshots of NAACP New York City office flying a banner that reads "A MAN WAS LYNCHED YESTERDAY." Also includes photographs taken at Livingston and Logan, Mont., and White Bear Lake, Minn. Prominent people include Mary McLeod Bethune, C.A. Franklin (in front of a St. Louis Call office), Thurgood Marshall, Walter White, and Roy Wilkins. Also includes photos of the George Washington Bridge (New York, N.Y.). 70 photographic prints; 32 contact prints (87 images). Organized into three subject categories: Flood area and victims; Portraits; Miscellaneous.
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